MANTRAS – part 2

जीवन के सारे दुख-संकट दूर कर देंगे ये ...

AWAKENING MANTRA

Awakening Mantra
KIRAGRE BASTE LAXMI  KARMADHYE SARASWATI  KARMULE STUTAI BRAHMA  PRAVATE KAR DARSHANAM
Ganesh mantra 
SUM KAISSYIA KA DANTASYA  KAPLO GAJ KARN KA 
LAMBO DHARASYE VIKTO  VIGHNA NASO VINAYAK

These two mantras are very powerful and can be recite in the morning as soon as awake.

Before opening the eyes you have to pass the palms of the hands on the face, then hold them togheter. Opening the eyes, you’ll recite the mantra of the awakening looking only at the palms. Then for seven times you’ll recite the mantra passing the hands on the whole body. At the end you’ll recite the Ganesh mantra.

MANTRAS TO LIGHT INCENSE

त्वमेव माता च पिता त्वमेव ।त्वमेव बन्धुश्च सखा त्वमेव ।त्वमेव विद्या द्रविणम् त्वमेव ।त्वमेव सर्वम् मम देव देवः ॥त्रहि माँ त्रहि माँ त्रहि माँtvameva mātā ca pitā tvameva ।tvameva bandhuśca sakhā tvameva ।tvameva vidyā draviṇam tvameva ।tvameva sarvam mama deva devaḥ ॥trahi māṁ trahi māṁ trahi māṁ

(Addressed to the Guru)

You are my mother and you are my father.

You are my relative and you are my friend.

You are my knowledge and you are my wealth.

You are my all, my God of Gods.

Protect me, protect me, protect me.


Shiva Mantra

कर्पूरगौरं करुणावतारं संसारसारम् भुजगेन्द्रहारम् ।

सदावसन्तं हृदयारविन्दे भवं भवानीसहितं नमामि ॥

karpūragauraṃ karuṇāvatāraṃ saṃsārasāram bhujagendrahāram ।

sadāvasantaṃ hṛdayāravinde bhavaṃ bhavānīsahitaṃ namāmi ॥

White as camphor, the avatar of Karuna (god of Compassion), adorned with the garland of the Serpent King, ever dwelling in the lotus of my heart, to the Lord and Lady, Shiva and Shakti together, to them I bow down.

SHANTI MANTRA (Peace Mantras)

we are everything, we are together

ॐ सहना भवतु  
सहनौ भुनक्
तुसहवीर्यम् करवावहै  तेजस्वि नावधीतमस्तु
मा विद्विष्आवहै ॐ शान्ति शान्ति शान्तिः
सर्वेषां स्वस्ति भवतु ।सर्वेषां शान्तिर्भवतु । 
सर्वेषां पूर्नं भवतु ।सर्वेषां मड्गलं भवतु ॥
oṁ sahanā bhavatu  
sahanau bhunaktu
sahavīryam karavāvahai
tejasvi nāvadhītamastu
mā vidviṣāvahai
oṁ śānti śānti śāntiḥ
Oṁ sarveṣāṃ svasti bhavatu sarveṣāṃ śāntir bhavatu sarveṣāṃ pūrnaṃ bhavatu sarveṣāṃ mangalaṃ bhavatu
Om! May the Absolute Reality protect us.Let the studies that we together undertake be effulgent.Let there be no animosity amongst us.
Om. Peace, Peace, Peace. 
 Om, may auspiciousness be unto all may peace be unto all may fullness be unto all may prosperity be unto all 
सर्वे भवन्तु सुखिनः।सर्वे सन्तु निरामयाः।सर्वे भद्राणि पश्यन्तु।मा कश्चित् दुःख भाग्भवेत्॥ असतोमा सद्गमय ।तमसोमा ज्योतिर् गमय ।मृत्योर्मामृतं गमय ॥ॐ शान्ति शान्ति शान्तिः ॥ 
sarve bhavantu sukhinaḥ
sarve santu nirāmayāḥ
sarve bhadrāṇi paśyantu
mā kaścit duḥkha bhāgbhavet 
asato mā sad gamaya
tamaso mā jyotir gamaya
mṛtyor mā amṛtaṁ gamaya
oṁ śānti śānti śāntiḥ 
May all be happy
May all be free from disabilities
May all look to the good of other
May none suffer from sorrow 
From ignorance, lead me to truth
From darkness, lead me to light
From death, lead me to immortality
Om peace, peace, peace 

Mantra form Isopanishad

ॐ पूर्णमदः पूर्णमिदं पूर्णात्पुर्णमुदच्यते

पूर्णश्य पूर्णमादाय पूर्णमेवावशिष्यते

Om pūrṇamadaḥ pūrṇamidaṃ pūrṇātpurṇamudacyate

pūrṇaśya pūrṇamādāya pūrṇamevāvaśiṣyate

That is the Whole, this is the Whole;

from that Whole, this Whole is manifested.

When this Whole is extracted,

that Whole remains being the Whole.

Invoking Sacred Rivers in the water pot

गङ्गे च यमुने चैव गोदावरि सरस्वती ।

नर्मदा सिन्धु कावेरी जलेऽस्मिन् संनिधिं कुरु ॥

gaṅge ca yamune caiva godāvari sarasvatī |

narmadā sindhu kāverī jale’smin saṃnidhiṃ kuru ||

O Holy Rivers Ganga and Yamuna, and Godavari, Sarasvati,

Narmada, Sindhu and Kaveri; Please be present in this water.

Durga Mantras


 
सर्व मंगल मांगल्ये शिवे सर्वार्थ साधिके ।
शरन्ये त्रयम्बिके गौरी नारायणी नमोस्तुते ।।
 
sarva maṃgala māṃgalye śive sarvārtha sādhike ।
śaranye trayambike gaurī nārāyaṇī namostute ।।
 
Oh Narayani, Oh Shivi, Oh Gauri you fulfil the desires of all. I offer my obeisances to You. 


 
शरणागत दीनार्तपरित्राण परायणे ।
सर्वस्यातिहरे देवि नारायणी नमोस्तुते ।।
 
śaraṇāgata dīnārtaparitrāṇa parāyaṇe ।
sarvasyātihare devi nārāyaṇī namostute ।।
 
You who are perpetually endeavouring to protect the weak and the poor and remove their misery. Oh Narayani, I offer my obeisances to You.
 

 
सर्वस्वरूपे सर्वेशे सर्वेशक्तिसमन्विते ।
भयेभ्यस्त्राहि नो देवि दुर्गे देवि नमोऽस्तु ते ।।
 
sarvasvarūpe sarveśe sarveśaktisamanvite ।
bhayebhyastrāhi no devi durge devi namo ̕stu te ।।
 
Oh Goddess Durga, please protect us from all kinds of fear. Oh omnipotent Durga, I offer my obeisances to you.


 
रोगनशेषानपहंसि तुष्टा। रुष्टा तु कामान् सकलानभीष्टान् ।
त्वामाश्रितानां न विपन्नराणां। त्वमाश्रिता हृयश्रयतां प्रयान्ति ।।
 
roganaśeṣānapahaṃsi tuṣṭā। ruṣṭā tu kāmān sakalānabhīṣṭān ।
tvāmāśritānāṃ na vipannarāṇāṃ। tvamāśritā hṛyaśrayatāṃ prayānti ।।
 
Oh Goddess, when you are pleased you remove all ailments and when you are angry you destroy everything that a person desires for. However, those who come to you for sanctuary never have to confront any catastrophy. Instead, such people secure enough merit to provide shelter to others.
 

 
सर्वाबाधा प्रशमनं त्रैलोक्यस्याखिलेश्वरि ।
एवमेव त्वया कार्यमस्मद्दैरिविनाशनम् ।।
सर्वाबाधा विर्निर्मुक्तो धनधान्यसुतान्वित: ।
मनुष्यो मत्प्रसादेन भविष्यति न संशय: ।।
 
sarvābādhā praśamanaṃ trailokyasyākhileśvari ।
evameva tvayā kāryamasmaddairivināśanam ।।
sarvābādhā virnirmukto dhanadhānyasutānvit: ।
manuṣyo matprasādena bhaviṣyati na saṃśay: ।।
 
Whoever listens to the story of the Goddess succeeds in overcoming all obstacles and is blessed wealth and progeny.
 

 
जयन्ती मङ्गला काली भद्रकाली कपालिनी ।
दुर्गा क्षमा शिवा धात्री स्वाहा स्वधा नमोऽस्तु ते ॥
 
jayantī maṅgalā kālī bhadrakālī kapālinī ।
durgā kṣamā śivā dhātrī svāhā svadhā namo ̕stu te ॥
 
Oh Goddess, you who are known by the names of Mangala, Kali, Bhadrakali, Kapalini, Durga, Kshama, Shiva, Dhatri, Svaha, Swadha, I offer my obeisances to You.
 

 
देहि सौभाग्यमारोग्यं देहि देवि परं सुखम् ।
रूपं देहि जयं देहि यशो देहि द्विषो जहि ॥
 
dehi saubhāgyamārogyaṃ dehi devi paraṃ sukham ।
rūpaṃ dehi jayaṃ dehi yaśo dehi dviṣo jahi ॥
 
Oh Goddess, bless me with good fortune, good health, good looks, success and fame. Oh Vaishnavi, you are the very basis for the world. You have mesmerised the World. When you are pleased with some one you ensure his salvation from the cycle of life and death.



 Devi Aparadha Kshamapana Stotram – (by Shri Adi Shankaracharya)

Aapatsu Magnah Smaranam Tvadeeyam Karomi Durge Karunarna Veshi I
Naitaccha Thatvam Mum Methah Kshudhartrisharta Jananim Smaranti II


O Compassionate Goddess Durga! If I remember you after falling in trouble and not before, please do not treat me like a dishonest rogue for the reason that all children yell for mother when they are troubled.






GURU MANTRA


गुरुर्ब्रह्मा गुरुर्विष्णु गुरुर्देवो महेश्वरः
गुरुर्साक्षत् परंब्रह्मा तस्मय् अघोर कुल गुरवे नमः ॥
 
gururbrahmā gururviṣṇu gururdevo maheśvaraḥ |
gurursākṣat paraṃbrahmā tasmay aghora kula gurave namaḥ ||
 
The Guru is Brahma, the Guru is Vishnu, the Guru is Maheswara (Shiva).
The Guru is Verily the Para-Brahman (Supreme Brahman); Salutations to that Aghora Kula Guru.
 

OM TAT SAT

Mantra - Wikipedia

MANTRA – Part – I

Mantra: A tool for the mind – Glo | Blog

In the Vedas the mantra (sound) is the primary source from which the universe has sprung (in the Bible: “in the beginning it was the Verb”); it is the primordial vibration presents in every thing, the motor of the universe. Through the study and the search on the mantras the ancient wise man have discovered how we can be in harmony with the cosmos and with ourselves.

The Only Guide You Need for 'OM' Mantra Meditation | Meditative Mind

ॐ (Aum) it is the primordial sound, is the matrix of all that exists in the universe. it doesn’t have a particular meaning, it is rather a sacred syllable that represents the essence of the vital energy from which the creation has sprung. ॐ is the combination of three sounds: A – U – M. The A represents Brahma the creator, the conscience, the state of vigil. The U  represents Vishnu the preserver, the subconscious, the state of dream. The M represents Shiva the destroyer, the unconscious, the state of deep sleep. It can be noticed as these three letters are tightly correlated with the endless breath of the universe, in which the three strengths of creation, preservation and destruction continually follow one another and how they are correlated with the three dimensions of the human conscience.

The utilization of the sounds for spiritual purpose is universally used. In a lot of religions the continuous repeating of a sentence or a sacred sound with the help of a rosary (japa mala) represents the highest form of meditation. The mantras are the best vehicle in the meditation because through them the mind calms the incessant flow of thoughts and it settles in a state of deep concentration.


Bija Mantras

Bija means seed, root. It is a very powerful Mantra that usually consists of a single syllable. The Bija Mantra evoke particular aspects of nature or of the divine, each Devata has his or her own Bija. The greatest of all Bijas is Om or Pranava, because it is the symbol of Para-Brahman.

The following table lists some of the most common Bija Mantras:

BijaDevataMeaning – Element
auṃ / oṁBrahmanAbsolute
ऐंaiṃSarasvatiConsciousness
ह्रींhrīṃMahamaya – BhuvaneshvariIllusion
श्रींśrīṃLakshmiExistence
क्लींklīṃKali – KamaDesire
क्रींkrīṃKalikaTime
दुंduṃDurgaBestows Protection
गंgaṃGaneshaBestows Happiness
ग्लौंglauṃGaneshaBestows Happiness
हौंhauṃShivaBestows Protection
हुंhuṃChandabhairaviKavacha Bija – Armour
हूंhūṃMother of Viras – MahakalaKurcha Bija – Bestows Protection
ह्रूंhrūṃKalaratriBestows Protection
ह्रुंhruṃVaivasvata (son of the Sun-Vivasvan)Bestows Protection
लंlaṃPrithviEarth
वंvaṃVarunaWater
रंraṃAgniFire
यंyaṃVayuAir
हंhaṃShivaEther
सौःsauḥShiva-ShaktiCosmos – Heart
फत्phatVidyujjivhaAstra Mantra (weapon mantra)
स्वाहाsvāhāSvaha (consort of Agni)Oblations – Sacrificial Fire
 क्श्रौंkśrauṃNarasimhaBestows Happiness
हस्कफ्रेंhaskaphreṃAnanda Bhairava – GuruBestows Protection – Inspiration

Some Important Mantras

ॐ ऐं ह्रीं क्लीं चामुण्डायै विच्चे

om aiṃ hrīṃ klīṃ cāmuṇḍāyai vicce

om – The Pranava Mantra represents the Nirguna Brahman, the infinite beyond conception.

aim – The Vak beeja, the seed sound of Mahasarasvati. The knowledge that is consciousness. Creation, rajo guna, the energy of desire.

hrim – The Maya beeja, the sound of Mahalakshmi.  The all pervasive existence. Preservation, sattva guna, energy of action.

klim – The Kama beeja, the seed sound of Mahakali. The all consuming delight. Destruction, tamo guna, energy of wisdom.

camunda – The slayer of the demons Chanda and Munda, of passion and anger.

yai – the grantor of boons

vicce – in the body of knowledge, in the perception of consciousness

GAYATRI MANTRA

Why, How and the Importance of Gayatri Mantra! - ReSanskrit
The purpose of Gayatri mantra is to offer prayers to the sun god, Savitur. The god which has given us everything, which has made life possible on this planet, which grants us light and energy. The sun which always gives and never asks for anything in return, the Gayatri mantra is a way of giving back in the form of prayer and respect to that ever-giving entity. This mantra invokes a sense of inclusiveness; imagine you offering respects to the sun on behalf of all the beings in this world, wouldn’t that make you think much larger than just yourself? The correct mindset that we all need when we begin our day.

Why Gayatri Mantra is so popular?

Gayatri Mantra is from one of the oldest texts ‘Rig Veda’, composed by Sage Vishwamitra. It is a popular belief that Vishwamitra after long practice and penance discovered Gayatri mantra which according to him was not just a boon for himself but for the entire mankind. Upon chanting this mantra, the chanter and the listener both are most benefited with the vibrational positive energy of the mantra. And the fact that many practitioners have found Gayatri mantra so enriching, it has become popular over the centuries.

The Analysis (Dissection) of the Gayatri Mantra:
 (OM): The primeval sound
भूः (Bhur): Earth = Mooladhara;  the physical body/physical realm
भुवः (Bhuvah): Akash; the life force/the mental realm
स्वः (Swah): Heaven= Swadhishthana; the soul/spiritual realm
महः (Maha): Heart region.
जनः (Jana): To say ‘no’ for life and death.
तपः (Tapa): Ascetic practices in vishuddhi & Agnya.
सत्यम् (Satyam): Up to the Third Eye ( Brahma-Randhra ).
तत् (Tat): That – situated as it is; That (God)
सवितुर् (Savitur/Savita): Sa + Va + Ta = Sun, Ganges, Fire, Earth etc. including those endowed with knowledge and yoga.
र्वरेण्यं (Vareñyam): Va + Re + N + Ya + M : God Varuna; adore
भर्गो (Bhargo): Bha + Ra + Ga; effulgence (divine light)
देवस्य (Devasya): Da + Va + S + Ya; Supreme Lord
धीमहि (Dhīmahi): Dha + Ma + Ha; meditate
धियो (Dhiyo/Dhiya): Dha + Ya; the intellect
यो नः (Yo Nah): Ya + Na; May this light, Nah: Our
प्रचोदयात् (Prachodayāt): Pa + Ra + Cha + Da + Ya + T; illumine/inspire

Maha Mrityunjaya Mantra in Sanskrit with Meaning

Maha Mrityunjaya Mantra

ॐ त्र्यम्बकं यजामहे
सुगन्धिं पुष्टिवर्धनम्।
उर्वारुकमिव बन्धनान्
मृत्योर्मुक्षीय मामृतात् ॥

Transliteration:
oṃ tryambakaṃ yajāmahe
sugandhiṃ puṣṭivardhanam।
urvārukamiva bandhanān
mṛtyormukṣīya māmṛtāt ॥

Hindi Translation:
हम त्रिनेत्र धारी शिवकी आराधना करते हैं, जो अपनी शक्ति से संसार का पालन करतें हैं।
उनसे प्रार्थना है कि वे हमें जीवन व मृत्यु के बंधन से मुक्त करे और हमें दिखा दे कि हम कभी भी अपनी अमर प्रकृति से अलग नहीं होते हैं॥

English translation:
I worship that fragrant Shiva of three eyes, the one who nourishes all living entities.
May he help us severe our bondage with samsara by making us realise that we are never separated from our immortal nature.

Source: Maha Mrityunjaya Mantra, Rigved 7.59.12

The Maha Mrityunjaya Mantra is a boon to humanity and a panacea to all forms of ailments – Physical, Mental, Intellectual and Spiritual. The deeper one delves into the ocean of knowledge that this verse is, the more valuable are the pearls of wisdom.


Cont: Part – 2

Shrimad Bhagwad Gita : Ch9 verse 8

प्रकृतिं स्वामवष्टभ्य विसृजामि पुन: पुन: |

भूतग्राममिमं कृत्स्नमवशं प्रकृतेर्वशात् || 8||

prakṛitiṁ svām avaṣhṭabhya visṛijāmi punaḥ punaḥ

bhūta-grāmam imaṁ kṛitsnam avaśhaṁ prakṛiter vaśhāt

The whole cosmic is under Me. Under My will it is automatically manifested again and again, and under My will it is annihilated at the end.

prakṛitim—the material energy; svām—My own; avaṣhṭabhya—presiding over; visṛijāmi—generate; punaḥ punaḥ—again and again; bhūta-grāmam—myriad forms; imam—these; kṛitsnam—all; avaśham—beyond their control; prakṛiteḥ—nature; vaśhāt—force

This is one of the most beautiful shloka of chapter 9 (BG:9.8) of Bhagwad Gita. It signifies the power of Krishna and his creation. Krishna resides in each and everything as everything is created by him. The very element of our existence lies within these few beautiful words.

Krishna says that he only creates and then it is for us how we evolve. Though he is the supreme commander and directs everything with a neutral mind, it is for his creation to grow and evolve.

Krishna resides in each and everything as everything is created by him. The very element of our existence lies within these few beautiful words.

Curve back within yourself again and again till you have absolved yourself of all negative forces. Then create a beautiful human being who is above any form of pain and anger. Create a human who is not affected by the proceedings around him and takes everything in his stride with a calm and composed mind.

✨✨JAI SHREE KRISHNA✨✨ _____________________________

AYURVEDA – 3 Dhoshas – Part 2

Kapha, Pitta, Vata — What is your Dosha? - Akshi Yogashala - Medium

TROUBLES CAUSED BY VATA

  • blood from the nose
  • pain to the feet and the calves
  • insensibility to the legs
  • sciatica
  • atrophy of the inferior limbs
  • rectal prolapse
  • rigid joints, deformations of the backbone (hump etc.)
  • dwarfism
  • rigid jaw
  • fragile teeth
  • muteness
  • aphasia
  • dryness of the mouth
  • inability to the taste and the sense of smell
  • pain to the ears, deafness
  • all the pains to the head
  • facial paralysis
  • tremors and pangs
  • dryness and hardness of the skin (local or general)
  • insomnia
  • anxiety
  • depression and anguish
  • disturbed intelligence or limited
  • the hair’s loss 

TROUBLES CAUSED BY PITTA

  • fever, inflammations, feelings of local burning
  • acidity
  • excessive perspiration
  • marked bodily odors
  • cutaneous eruptions
  • jaundice
  • bitter taste in mouth
  • stomatitises
  • excessive thirst
  • insatiable appetite
  • eyes, urine, faeces of yellow / greenish color 

TROUBLES CAUSED BY KAPHA

  • satisfaction
  • idleness and increase of the sleep
  • heaviness of the body and the mind
  • sweet taste in mouth
  • increase of the oral secretions
  • big faeces
  • heaviness to the breast
  • tonsillitis
  • cervical adenitis
  • obesity
  • bad digestion
  • eyes, urines, faeces more white of the normal one

REMEDIES AND THERAPIES FOR VATA

  • massage with oil
  • Turkish bath, sauna, warm bath and similar
  • busy and active mind
  • alcoholic medicinal preparations
  • digestive
  • nourishing diet (well cooked, warm, greasy, liquid foods, from the sweet or acid or salty prevailing taste)
  • good humor

REMEDIES AND THERAPIES FOR PITTA

  • internal and external use of ghee (clarified butter)
  • light laxative
  • fresh diet (fresh foods, liquid foods, from the sweet or bitter or astringent prevailing taste)
  • cold bath
  • pleasant environment: fragrances of flowers, music, friends etc.
  • don’t sleep during the day

REMEDIES AND THERAPIES FOR KAPHA

  • strong laxative
  • light diet (warm, light, dry foods, from the spicy or bitter or astringent prevailing taste)
  • aged alcoholic drinks
  • dry massage (without oils or creams)
  • less sleep
  • sex
  • physical activity
  • emetic, honey and few comforts are essential

CHART OF THE CONSTITUTION

(PRAKṚTI)

 VATAPITTAKAPHA
Guna:SattvaRajasTamas
Origin:PranaTejasOjas
Power:MovementTransformationEstablishment
Kosham Involucre:Blessed MentalEnergetic IntellectualPhysical
Elements:Ether AirFire WaterWater Earth
Physical Structure:Not harmonic, too high or too low, prominent lineamentsBalancedHeavy, big, strong
Stature:Very high or very lowMedium, balancedLow
Bones:ThinModerateThick, large
Skin:Dry, rough, cold, with wrinklesSoft, warm, oily, sensitive, irritable, with frecklesSoft, smooth, soft, fresh, moist
Color:DarkRedPallid
Hair:Dry, rough, curly, brittleSoft, shiny, thin, fat, gray hair, baldnessFat, dark, dense, soft, wavy
Nails:Irregular, rough, brittleSoft, tender, flexibleBig, strong, regular, soft
Eyebrows:Thin, sparseMediumThick
Eyes:Small, sunken, with no brightnessMedium, bright, warm, redLarge, liquid, dark, sweet
Cheekbones:Asymmetric angularMediumLarge
Ears:Very small or very largeMedium, pointedLarge
Nose:Very small or very largeMediumHarmonious
Lips:Dry, crackedSoft, red, longPale, large, well-designed
Tongue:Small, darkMedium, RedLarge, bright
Teeth:IrregularRegular, weakRegular, white, strong
Neck:Long or shortMediumTaurinus
Shoulders:Narrow, smallAthleticRobust
Hips:NarrowMediumWide
Arms, legs:Small or longMediumMighty
Hands, feet:Small or longMediumBig
Joints:RigidLooseLarge, solid
Skin phototype:DarkMediumPale
Circulation:Low, variableGoodModerate
Appetite:VariableGoodGood, greedy, gluttonous
Thirst:VariableExcessiveLow
Sweating:LowAbundant, constantSlow to start, abundant
Feces:Dry, hardSoftThick, heavy
Urine:Low, clearAbundant, yellowModerate, clear
Digestion, Evacuation:IrregularExcellentSlow but good
Menses:IrregularRegularModerate
Sexual desire:VariableModerate, balancedIndifferent, slow to start
Sensitivity:Cold, dryness, windHeat, sunlight, fireCold, humidity
Immune function:Low, variableMedium, heat-sensitiveGood, high
Tendency to disease:PainFever, inflammationCongestion, edema
Type of disease:NervousBlood, liverLungs, phlegm
Activity:High, impatientModerateLow, slow
Physical strengthWeakNormalStrong
Resistance:Low, exhausted easilyMedium, concentratedHigh
Sleep:Irregular, scanty, sometimes deepModerate, easyDeep, prolonged
Dreams:Many, forgetsEnough, remembersMany, remembers
Language:Fast, prolixAcute, sharpSlow, poor
Thought:CreativeOrganizationalScheduling
Mind:Restless, active, theoretical, philosophicalPractical, rationalStable, slow, harmonious, calm
Memory:Good the recent, low the remoteAcute, clearSlow but steady
Emotionality:Uncertain, unpredictable, adaptableAggressive, revengeful, braveIndifferent, attacked, loving
Governs:Fear / Courage; Anxiety / Contentment; Nervousness / Calm; Pain / Pleasure; Relaxation / TensionHunger / Thirst; Weakness / Strength; Hot / Cold; Distraction / Attention; Jealousy / GenerosityLove / Hate; Desire / Indifference; Attachment / Detachment
Personality:Intelligent, light, wise, sensible, not concentrated, research spiritual developmentIntelligent, strong, intolerant, easily understood, do not forget, friendship for selfishQuiet, stable, happy, generous, austere, humble, tolerant
Temperament:Nervous, changeableMotivatedCalm, stable, generous
Social relationships:Knows many people, few close friendsSelective, create deep friendships, few enemiesLoyal, with many friendships
Faith:VariableStrong, determined, fanaticalFirm, slow to change
Economy:Tends to spend on triflesModerate, lavish spendingSaver, spends for food

DIETS

Ayurveda Dosha Diet - Food is one of the most important aspects of ...

Rasa (tastes)
* Diets for: Constitution VATA – Constitution PITTA – Constitution KAPHA
Physical exercise for the 3 dosha

To establish of what type of constitution we are and to establish a diet is good routine to address to an ayurvedic physician.


In this section the matter is treated in general line to better understand the principles and the techniques of Ayurveda.

The diet, being of primary importance, has a big consideration in ayurvedic medicine. In western country is given more importance to the quantity of calories of the food and the classification in fat, carbohydrates, proteins etc., with little consideration on the digestive ability of the consumer, on the season, on the mental state of the individual or on the equilibrium of the energies in body and mind. According to the ancient Indian medicine the diet is above all a tool of preservation of the state of health and prevention of illness. That’s why we cannot ignore these important factors that so heavily influence our psycophysic equilibrium.

Rasa (Tastes)

The Six Tastes in Ayurveda | Banyan Botanicals


SWEET –  RICE, PASTA, SUGAR, GHUR(SUGAR CANE), MILK, BUTTER, CARROTS, GRAPE, FIG, LIQUORICE

ACID – YOGURT, LEMON, VINEGAR, CHEESE, TOMATO

SALTY – SALT, TAMARI (SOYA SAUCE), SALTY PEANUTS, SEA ALGAS

SPICY – PEPPER, CAPSICUM, GINGER, GARLIC, ONION

BITTER – SPINACHES, CHICORY, GREEN VEGETABLES, TURMERIC, RHUBARB

ASTRINGENT – LEGUMES, KHAKI, ALL THE SOUR FRUIT, RAW HONEY

 ACTIVEPASSIVE
SWEETKAPHAVATA AND PITTA 
ACID KAPHA AND PITTAVATA
SALTYKAPHA AND PITTAVATA
SPICYPITTA AND VATAKAPHA
BITTERVATA KAPHA AND PITTA
ASTRINGENTVATA KAPHA AND PITTA
The Ayurvedic Home: Design For Your Dosha | The Aligned Life

VATA CONSTITUTION
 IN GENERAL TO FAVOR WELL COOKED, WARM, GREASY, LIQUID FOODS, FROM SWEET OR ACID OR SALTY PREVAILING TASTE

TO FAVOR THE CONSUMPTION OF:

CEREALS: Rice, Wheat in all its preparations, Oat (cooked)

DAIRY PRODUCE: Milk, Yogurt, Butter, Cheeses of cow

VEGETABLES: Tofu (soya cheese)

MEATS: Chicken, Turkey, Rabbit, blue Fish

VEGETABLES: Asparaguses, Avocado, Beets, Tomatoes, Carrots, Fennels

FRUIT: Fig trees, Raisin, Dates, Orange, Banana, Lemons, Pineapple, Mango, Peaches, Melon, Plums, Pear, Kiwi, Cherries

DRY FRUIT AND SEEDS: Almonds, Walnut-trees, Filberts, Sesam

SPICES AND AROMAS: Anise, Garlic, Basil, Cinnamon, Nails of carnation, Fennel, Sage, Ginger, Nutmeg, Rosemary, Saffron

FAT: Olive Oil, Butter, Tahin (sesam butter), Gee (clarified butter)

SWEETENERS: Sugar of cane, Honey (few)


TO REDUCE THE CONSUMPTION OF:

CEREALS: Bowline, Millet, Rye

DAIRY PRODUCE: Milk and cheeses of goat

MEATS: Steer, Calf, Pig

LEGUMES: Beans, Chick-peas

VEGETABLES: Cabbage, Eggplant, Lettuce, Broccolis, Potatoes, Peppers, Pumpkin

FRUIT: Sour and not sweet

SPICE: Turmeric and Capsicum

SWEETENERS: White Sugar

PITTA CONSTITUTION
TO FAVOR FRESH, LIQUID FOODS, FROM THE SWEET OR BITTER OR ASTRINGENT PREVAILING TASTE

TO FAVOR THE CONSUMPTION OF:

CEREALS: Rice, Wheat, Bowline

DAIRY PRODUCE: Milk, Gee, Butter, fresh Cheeses, Ricotta

MEATS: Chicken, Turkey

VEGETABLES: Asparaguses, Lettuce, Courgettes, Spinaches, Beets, Broccolis, Cucumbers, Potatoes

LEGUMES: Chick-peas, Broad beans, Peas, Red Lentils, Tofu

FRUIT: All less Orange, Grapefruit, Mango

DRY FRUIT AND SEEDS: Sunflower and Pumpkin

FAT: Gee, Olive Oil (not too much), Sunflower Oil

SPICE IS AROMAS: Turmeric, Coriander, Fennel, Mint, Saffron

SWEETENERS: Sugar of cane, Honey (in the cold season)


TO REDUCE THE CONSUMPTION OF:

CEREALS: Corn, Rye, Millet

DAIRY PRODUCE: Yogurt, sour and salty Cheeses

MEATS: All

LEGUMES: Beans, Lentils

VEGETABLES: Tomatoes, Spinaches, Onion, Eggplants, Peppers

FRUIT: Orange, Grapefruit, Mango

OILS: Sesam, Corn, Peanuts

SPICE IS AROMAS: Pepper, Capsicum, Ginger (dry), Sage, Oregano, Thyme, Garlic, Mustard, Vinegar, Tamari

SWEETENERS: Honey (in the cold season)

KAPHA CONSTITUTION
 
TO FAVOR WARM, LIGHT, DRY FOODS, FROM THE SPICY OR BITTER OR ASTRINGENT PREVAILING TASTE

TO FAVOR THE CONSUMPTION OF:

CEREALS: Bowline, Millet, Rye, Emmer, Tapioca

DAIRY PRODUCE: Skimmed milk, Milk and cheeses of goat

LEGUMES: Chick-peas, Lentils, Peas, Soy

MEATS: Chicken, Turkey

VEGETABLES: Beets, Chicory, Lettuce, Eggplant, Spinaches, Pumpkin, Courgettes

FRUIT: Cherries, Maracuja, Apple, Pomegranate, Fruits of wood, Papaya

OILS: Sesam, Olive

SPICE AND AROMAS: Laurel, Basil, Nails of carnation, Cardamom, Turmeric, Cinnamon, Marjoram, Oregano, Black Pepper, Sage, Ginger

SWEETENERS: Honey


TO REDUCE THE CONSUMPTION OF:

CEREALS: Laughed white, Bread and pasta white, Oat

DAIRY PRODUCE: Whole milk, Butter, Gee, Yogurt, Cheeses of cow

LEGUMES: Tofu

VEGETABLES: Avocado, Beets, Carrots, Potatoes, Tomatoes

FRUIT: Orange, Banana, Dates, Figs, Mango, Melon, Coconut, Peaches, Kiwi, Grape

DRY FRUIT AND SEEDS: All

FAT: Butter, Gee, Margarine

SPICE: Salt

SWEETENERS: White Sugar, Sugar of Cane

PHYSICAL EXERCISE

VATA NO HEAVY ACTIVITY, BETTER WALKS OR BICYCLE 
PITTA WATER SPORTS, SKI, GOLF, SPORTS IN THE GREEN OR MOUNTAIN 
KAPHA ATHLETICS, BOATING, BASKETBALL, HEAVY SPORTS 
FoodiBase 🥗 ☕️ on Twitter: "3 Body Types, 3 Doshas, Recommended ...

AYURVEDA – 3 Dhoshas – Part 1

Ayurveda Basics: The Three Doshas
3 DOSHA (PHYSICAL STRUCTURE) 3 GUNA (MENTAL STRUCTURE) 
VATA (light – soft – dry) SATTVA (light – thin – quickening – virtue) 
PITTA (fluid – warm – active) RAJAS (activity – passion) 
KAPHA (cold – dense – slow) TAMAS (ignorance – inactive – heavy – obstruction) 

QUALITY OF THE 3 DOSHA


VATA           ETHER + AIR


ROUGHNESS – LIGHTNESS – THINNESS – COLDNESS – MOBILITY – DRYNESS


PITTA          FIRE + WATER


HEAT – ACUTENESS – SPICY TASTE – LIQUIDITY – BAD ODOR – LIGHT GREASINESS – ACID TASTE


KAPHA         EARTH + WATER


HEAVINESS – COLDNESS – SOFTNESS – SLOWNESS – GREASINESS – STABILITY – SWEETNESS

File:Ayurveda humors.svg - Wikimedia Commons

Vata is motion: anything that is inherent to the movement tends to increase this Dosha while everything is static tends to stabilize it.

Pitta is fire, all that is heat tends to increase this Dosha while all that is refreshing tends to pacify it.

Kapha is static: all that is heavy tends to aggravate this Dosha while everything is light tends to pacify it.

What are 'doshas' according to Ayurveda? - Quora

Factors of increase of Dosha

Taking into consideration the standards of conduct, there are actions and particular conditions that cause the increase of Dosha because of the quality that they express.

VataPittaKapha
FastingFood sour, saltySalty, fatty, oily, heavy foods
Eating food too seasoned or dry and astringent substancesFood and drinks that create burning sensationsSedentary lifestyle
Excessive exerciseSunbathingChildhood
Exposure to coldNoon and midnightCold and damp, spring
Staying up late into the nightFrom 10 to 14 and from 22 to 2Morning
AdulthoodHot and humid summerFrom 6 to 10 and from 18 to 22
From 14 to 18 and from 2 to 6Digestive processAttachment
Autumn, windy seasonYouthEnvy
WoundsAnger 
Excessive blood loss  
Excessive sexual intercourse  
Anxiety  
Incorrect body positions  
Suppression of natural urges  
Sorrows  
Feelings of guilt  
Irregularities of the natural rhythm  

PHYSIOLOGICAL FUNCTIONS


VATA 


RESPIRATION, ENERGY, VIBRATIONS, IMPELLED ETC. DEPEND ON VATA


PITTA


DIGESTION, BODILY HEAT, THIRST AND HUNGER, SKIN, GREED OR POSSESSIVE INSTINCTS, SEES, INTELLECT, BRAVERY ETC. DEPEND ON PITTA


KAPHA


STABILITY, SOLIDITY, GREASINESS, STABLE JOINTS, SEXUALITY, MEMORY, AWARENESS, STRENGTH, GENEROSITY ETC. DEPEND ON KAPHA

EFFECTS ON BODY AND MIND


VATA 


IN EQUILIBRIUM


ENTHUSIASM, DYNAMISM, MIND IN ALERT AND VIGILANT, ENERGY AND VITALITY, REGULAR EVACUATION, DEEP SLEEP


IN UNBALANCE


PAIN, RESTLESSNESS, INSENSIBILITY, CONTRACTIONS AND TREMORS, INSTABILITY, ANXIETY, INSOMNIA, DRY SKIN, CONSTIPATION


PITTA


IN EQUILIBRIUM


ACUTE INTELLECT, BALANCED APPETITE, GOOD DIGESTION, BRIGHT SKIN, GOOD SEES


IN UNBALANCE


BURNING, FEVER, PERSPIRATION, IRRITABILITY, FEELING OF BURNING ON THE BODY, VORACIOUS APPETITE, UNBALANCED DIGESTION, YELLOWISH COLOR


KAPHA


IN EQUILIBRIUM


COURAGE, FORGIVENESS, CALM, PLEASANT ASPECT, SOFT AND ATTRACTIVE FORMS, DARK AND STRONG HAIR


IN UNBALANCE


IDLENESS, LETHARGY, OBESITY, PALLOR, FEELING OF HEAVINESS, YAWNS

Pin em PROSUMERS
Summary – 3 Doshas

Continued in Part – 2 ……..

AYURVEDA

Lord Dhanwantri

In this section some fundamental principles of the ancient Indian medicine Ayurveda.

Ayurveda is the composition of two sanscrit words Ayur  life and Veda  knowledge, its meaning is therefore science of life. The tradition wants the teachings of this ancient medicine to be reached by the Avatar (divine incarnation) Dhanvantari.
It is an ancient system which was improved during the course of time that drew its principles from the Vedic knowledge. It has been widely used in India over the millennia and is still one of the medicines most commonly used in the Indian subcontinent.

Ayurveda is a medicine which deals man in his physical, mental and spiritual aspects, trying to heal the sick, prevent disease and maintain our own equilibrium state.

5 Elements of Ayurveda | Yoga Teacher Training Bali | Yoga Teacher ...

According to Ayurveda the universe is governed by 5 elements: EARTH – WATER – FIRE – AIR – ETHER. In our body these elements govern the 3 Dosha, the physical structure and the 3 Guna the mental structure.

The balance of all these elements determines the state of health.

In Ayurveda are described seven types of tissues of the body, known as saptadhatu. It is plasma (rasa dhatu),  blood (Rakta dhatu),  meat (mamsa dhatu), adipose tissue (medha dhatu), bone (asthi dhatu), the marrow and the nervous system (majja dhatu), and reproductive tissue (semen or female reproductive tissue) (sukra dhatu).

Sapta Dhatu in Ayurveda (Seven Types of Tissues) | Ayur Times

The eight branches of Ayurveda are:

  • Internal medicine (Kaya-cikitsa)
  • Paediatrics (Kaumrabhṛtyam)
  • Surgery (Shalya-cikitsa)
  • Opthalmology and Otolaryngology (Shalakya tantra)
  • Psychiatry (Bhuta vidya)
  • Toxicology (Agadatantram)
  • Prevention of diseases, improving immunity and rejuvenation (Rasayana)
  • Aphrodisiacs and improving health of progeny (Vajikaranam)

Ancient Ayurvedic books:

The 96 aspects of life

According to the Siddha tradition there are 96 aspects of life supported by the individual soul, the Purusha.

Hitesh Chandel - Author of "Code of Citizen's Conduct (Rashtradharma)"

Life is lived through the 5 motor organs, Pancha Karmendriya, which correspond to the 5 senses and the 5 elements.

  • Mouth (expression) – hearing – ether
  • Hands (grab) – touch – air
  • Foot (move) – sight – fire
  • Urino-genital organs (emission) – taste – water
  • Anus (elimination) – smell – earth

The organs of action allow acting in the physical world and then allowing the mind to make new experiences. They are expressive and their receptive capacity is given by the sense organs. The organs of action are more related to the five gross elements while the sense organs correspond more to Tanmatras or thin elements.

Given that requires movement, the body has five hollow organs, 5 Asayas.

  • Colon
  • Intestine
  • Stomach
  • Bladder
  • Ovary / Prostate

The Asayas are important because the body needs energy that is forfeited through food to generate movement.

All of us live by 5 types of actions:

  • With the mouth we talk and eat
  • With arms we take and give
  • With legs we go
  • With the genitals we reproduce
  • With the excretory organs we eliminate
Ayurvedic Doshas | Vata Pitta Kapha

The 5 actions of the body, walking, working, talking, release and procreating, are governed by Tridoshas derived by Pancha Mahabhutas.

  • Vata – movement
  • Pitta – nourishment
  • Kapha – rest

All matter consists of the five elements, Pancha Mahabhutas, which are understood as levels of density of matter itself.

  • Ether – Akasha
  • Air – Vayu
  • Fire – Teja / Agni
  • Water – Jala
  • Earth – Pritvi
Pancha Mahabootha - Ojas Ayurveda

The elements are the means which are necessary for the expression of Cosmic Intelligence.

  • Ether: manifests the idea of space, communication and expression
  • Air: manifests the idea of time, of the change and provides the basis for thought
  • Fire: manifests the idea of light, perception and movement
  • Water: manifests the idea of life, liquidity and flowing movement
  • Earth manifests the idea of form, solidity and stability

To have the experience of the outside world need the 5 sensory organs, Pancha Jñanendriyas; each of them corresponds to a quality of sense (Tanmatra) and an element

Ear – hearing organ – ether

Skin – organ of touch – air

Eye – organ of sight – fire

Tongue – organ of taste – water

Nose – organ of smell – earth

The sense organs, also called organs of knowledge, allow the experience of the outside world. It is noteworthy that through the sense organs we can assimilate the Pancha Tanmatras as subtle elements then they feed on a subtle level; that’s why there is the Vedic dictum “what you see, you become.”

Indriya Pancha Panchaka: 5 Fives Of Sense Organs |

The sensory organs are generated by the 5 senses, Pancha Tanmatra, derived from the interaction of Sattva, Rajas and Tamas.

Shabda – hearing – ether

Sparsha – touch – air

Rupa – sight – fire

Rasa – taste – water

Gandha – smell – earth


The Pancha Tanmatras create the manifested worlds in the form of a seed; they create the causal or ideal world, the world of ideas that precedes any form of material expression.

Senses work through the 10 Vayus. (5 Major – 5 Minor)

The 5 Vayus - Anam Cara Manila - Medium
  • Prana Vayu – moves inward and governs the taking of substances and receiving of all kinds, has a propulsive nature and generates movement. Prana Vayu gives positive energy to all other prana.
  • Apana Vayu – goes down and ejects, goes out and governs the elimination at all levels. Apana, which is the basis of immune function, is the vital energy of the lower part of the abdomen.
  • Samana Vayu – moves from the periphery toward the center with an action of shuffling and discernment, in charge of processing and digestion at all levels.
  • Udana Vayu – is the energy of the throat that governs Word, self-expression, body growth, the ability to stand and make efforts, enthusiasm and willingness.
  • Vyana Vayu – moves from the center to the periphery and is the energy that is in the heart and lungs, governs the transport and movement at all levels.
  •  Naga Vayu – responsible for the expulsion from the mouth and nose. Nagan is instinctive; it is the movement responsible for protecting the body’s defense. For example, in case of wind eyes are closed instinctively.
  • Kurma Vayu – responsible for the hiccups and swallow reported not only to food but also to situations, feelings, duties that don’t like, etc.
  •  Krikara Vayu – responsible for the contrary movement of food and any movement outside the normal. For example, vomiting.
  • Devadatta Vayu – responsible for the opening and closing movement of eye lashes and the sneeze; It helps in protecting the body control systems.
  • Dhananjaya Vayu – responsible for joints creaking and contractures, the yawning and burping, helps rid the body of harmful gas residue. For example, when the prana becomes of poor quality, we yawn.
Chakras and Nadis | Online Yoga Teacher Training - Online Yoga ...

The Vayus flow through 12 main Nadis.

Brahma Nadi which are related chakras along the spine and brain.

Citra and Vajra Nadis creating Viyana Vayu and are linked to the cerebellum, spine and peripheral nerves.

Ida, Pingala and Jiva Nadis that result in Udana and Prana Vayus and are related to the lungs, heart and thyroid.

Pusha and Gandhari Nadis creating Samana Vayu and are linked to the stomach, small intestine, pancreas, spleen and liver.

Hasti and Alambusha Nadis that, along with Shankini and Kuhu Nadis, originate Apana Vayu and are related to the reproductive organs.

Shankini and Kuhu Nadis related to the colon, kidneys and bladder.

The 12 Nadis branch out from 3 Mandalas (centers).

  • Agni Mandala – governs digestive system and is located in the abdomen
    Chakras: Manipura, Swadhisthana and Muladhara 
  • Surya Mandala – governs the heart and circulation and is located in the solar plexus
    Chakras: Vishuddi and Anahata
  • Chandra Mandala – governs the nervous system and is located in the brain and in the head
    Chakras: Sahasrara and Ajña

Vayus, Nadis and Mandalas are ruled by the 7 Chakras.

The chakras are located along the spine and are the seven major energy centers in the human body; each of them corresponds to specific features in both physical and spiritual.

  • Muladhara Chakra – Basilar origin. It is located at the base of the spine, in the pelvic region; represents the Earth element. The practice on this chakra helps to maintain stability.
  • Swadhisthana Chakra – Headquarters of health. It is located in the pelvic region and is considered the origin of the self; represents the Water element. The practice on Swadhisthana free from emotional blocks.
  • Manipura Chakra – Light of the jewels. It is located at the navel in the cavity of the abdomen; represents Karma, fate, and its element is Fire. The practice on Manipura facilitates metabolism, digestion, assimilation and elimination.
  • Anahata Chakra – Not known Sound. It is located in the chest cavity near the heart and represents the Air element. The practice on this chakra is blossoming love, tenderness and compassion.
  • Vishuddha Chakra – Great purification. It is located in the hollow of the throat and represents the element Ether. The practice on it purifies and revitalizes the organism due to transformation from negative energy into positive. It increases energy and creativity.
  • Ajña Chakra – Dominance. Its name means knowing, sensing and control. It is located in the cranial cavity, in the middle of the forehead, and represents the mind. The practice on this chakra helps to think and analyze giving clarity.
  • Sahasrara Chakra – Eternal circle. It is located on the top of the head and represents Samadhi. Sahasrara means circle of Ecstasy and can define the interface between individual and universal consciousness. Represents the Purusha. The practice on this chakra brings peace and contentment.

The 7 Chakras derive from 5 types of bodies, Pancha Kosham.

5 koshas - Instructor Course with Master Manisekaran - YouTube
  • Anna Maya Kosham – It is the physical body nourished by the food, it contains everything from soul to mind, etc.
  • Prana Maya Kosham – It is the energetic functional body that is nourished through the breath; without prana there is no life.
  • Mano Maya Kosham – It is the mental body that is nourished with thoughts.
  • Vijñana Maya Kosham – It is the intellectual body which is fed by knowledge and wisdom.
  • Ananda Maya Kosham – It is the blessed body that is nourished by pure consciousness, by the soul.

The soul sustains all bodies through the consciousness of intellect, thoughts, energy and structure.

The 5 Koshams have 2 types of action, 2 Karmas.

  • Nal Vinai – good destiny
  • Thi Vinai – bad destiny

The 2 Karma produce 3 types of slag, 3 Mala.

Anavam – main ego (wanting to sleep, wake up, hating, loving, enter in meditation)

Maya – illusion, ignorance

Kama – greed, too much desire.

We all live subjected to ego, illusions and desires. Although we have no longer desires, we continue to live because we are subjected to Maya, and also eliminating Maya, the ego continues to persist; to go beyond we should tend towards the Purusha burning the ego. The process of the manifestation takes place through a series of successive divisions with which various creatures and different objects come into existence. Ahamkara more than a reality in itself is a process, a series of thoughts that divide, not a real entity. This is a division power that is essential to the manifestation of multiplicity; it is a stage of evolution, but is not the fundamental truth or true nature of creatures that is represented by the Pure Consciousness beyond personification. Through ego the basic potentialities of the matter (Prakriti) and the fundamental laws contained in the Cosmic Intelligence (Mahat) take a specific form. The basic qualities of nature differ in three groups of five: five senses, five organs of action and five elements. These arise from Ahamkara through Sattva, Rajas and Tamas, the Triguna.

If Buddhi is intelligence that allows to turn the gaze to deep and inner nature of things, the ego, which by its nature is outwards, creates the mind and the senses, tools that allow the individual to operate. Ayurveda places great emphasis on understanding of the ego and the inevitable distortions created by its influence; a proper understanding of the ego causes our judgment remains balanced and our actions are aimed at the universal good. Break free from the ego’s domain causes the dissolution of all psychological disorders and physical diseases.

The 3 Malas are controlled by 3 Gunas.

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Sattva – pure-light, soul, white, purity, serenity

Rajas – dynamic-heat, ego, red, dynamism, activity

Tamas – inert-structure, body, black, quiet, inertia

If we want to sleep, Nidra, serves Tamas; If we are to be alert, Jakrata, serves Rajas; If we want to be in Ecstasy, Turyam, serves Sattva.

The 3 Gunas have 9 types of tastes, sensations, Nava Rasa.

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Srangram / Viruppu – love, joy, let in, acceptance, East

Bhibastam / Veruppu – hatred, dismiss, let out, rejection, West

Karunayam/Santosham, Sukam – happiness, joy, comfort

Dukham – sadness, suffering

Raudram / Krodham – resentment, anger

Shantham – serenity, tranquility

Viram – dignity, strength, courage

Bhayam – fear

Hasyam – humor, irony in a positive, fun, laughs, taking life lightly

Shantham: this tranquility can take over in a state of silence. This state happens naturally for a very short time, so that we are not able to recognize it; in meditation practice we try to bring this state to longer times and to recognize it.

We find the 9 Rasas in 5 types of status, conditions, Pancha Avastha.

Jakrat – waking state; be ready, alert. Consciousness is associated with the mental and to the senses.

Svapna – dream state; with eyes open or closed. Consciousness is in the subtle body, associated with the mental.

Sushupti – state of dreamless sleep; be asleep, peaceful, calm. Consciousness is in the causal body.

Turiya – state of meditation; deep consciousness, ecstasy, how to enjoy life outside or on inside, blissful. Consciousness is in the great

causal body – Mahakarana.

Turiyatita – state of pure consciousness – Unmesha; silence, total annulment which can be all the other consciousnesses.

Avastha is the state of the soul. In all the states is used the consciousness but the kind of state depends on the environment. The first three states are associated with Avidya (ignorance); Vikriti with the first two and the third with Prakriti. Pure consciousness is not taking part of normal life, goes beyond; even if one lives the life, he lives differently. Turiya is the state of deep meditation, Samadhi; Turiyatita is the state of meditation in life.

The 5 Avasthas live in 4 aspects, subtle causes, the 4 Andakarnis.

Manas – superficial mind, virtual mind, psyche, emotions

Siddam – subconscious, deep mind; memorizes

Buddhi – individual intelligence

Ahamkar – ego

A sattvic ego empties siddam while a tamasic ego fills. Siddam andakarna is always present because there is always the karma or destiny of the soul.

These 96 aspects are supported by the soul, Atma, Purusha.

THE 7 CHAKRAS

What Are The 7 Chakras In The Human Body Good For?
CHAKRAMULADHARASWADHISHTHANAMANIPURAANAHATAVISHUDDHAAJÑASAHASRARA
POSITION Sacral PlexusAbove the genitalNavelHeartThroatAmong theeyebrowsAloft on the
skull
CENTERCOLORYellowAquamarineRedGrey smokeBlueBright whiteMulticolor or Bright white
PETALS COLORRedVermilionBlueRossoAzzurroBright whiteMulticolor or Bright white
IT GOVERNS
ON..
Feet  Excretion BirthSense of smell It stimulates
the word
Genital organs
BacksAdrenal Glands
LegsTaste
Stomach Bowel
Digestion and
Assimilation Menstrual cycle
Sight
 Circulatory and
Locomotor system Respiraton Swallowing Penis Touch
Thyroid
Skin
Mouth
Respiration
Hearing
HypophysisPinealGland
N°  NADI / PETALS4610121621000
MANDALAFORM
BIJAMANTRALaṃVaṃRaṃYaṃHaṃOṃOm
NADIMANTRAvaṃ śaṃṣaṃ saṃbaṃ bhaṃmaṃ yaṃraṃ laṃḍaṃ ḍhaṃ ṇaṃ taṃ thaṃ daṃ dhaṃ naṃ paṃ phaṃkaṃ khaṃ gaṃ ghaṃ ṅaṃ caṃ chaṃ jaṃ jhaṃ ñaṃ ṭaṃ ṭhaṃaṃ āṃ iṃ īṃ uṃ ūṃ ṛṃ ṝṃ ḷṃ ḹṃ eṃ aiṃ oṃ auṃ aṃ aḥhaṃ kṣaṃAll  Sanscrit Letters
ELEMENTEarthWaterFireAirEtherMindSamadhi

LEGEND:

Chakra = Literally wheel, center, circle. Important centers of energy of our body.


Bija mantra = original Sound, seed, sound of the center of the flower.


Nadi = Channels where flows the energy sprung by the chakras.


Nadi mantra = Sound of every single channel energy’s conveyor.


Samadhi = Liberation, superconscience, complete realization of Self.

MULADHARA CHAKRA

MEANING OF THE NAMEROOT
POSITIONSACRAL PLEXUS
CENTER COLORYELLOW
PETALS COLORRED
 COSMIC COLORYELLOW
COLORRED
N° NADI / PETALS4
ELEMENTEARTH
ENERGY’S STATESOLID
PLANETMARS
STONECORAL
METALLEAD
ESSENCECYPRESS – ROSEMARY
LOKABHU
MASCULINE DIVINITYGANESHA
FEMALE DIVINITYDAKINI
VEHICLEELEPHANT
BIJA MANTRALAṂ
NADI MANTRAVAṂ – ŚAṂ – ṢAṂ – SAṂ
MUSICAL NOTEC
IN THE BODY IT GOVERNS ON…Feet – Functions of the excretion – Birth – Stimulates the word – Smelled
DYSFUNCTIONSObesity, Hemorrhoids, Constipation, Frequent illnesses
FOODSPROTEINS – MEAT
OBSTACLESLOTH
TYPE OF YOGAHATHA YOGA
YOGASANAGESTURE OF MULADHARA (MULADHARA MUDRA) LOW CONTRACTION (MULADHARA BANDHA) GESTURE OF THE KUNDALINI (KATI CHAKRA MUDRA)
PSYCHOLOGICAL FUNCTIONSURVIVAL
VERBTO HAVE
EMOTIONCALM
TAROTSPENTACLES
MANDALA FORMSQUARE

SWADHISHTHANA CHAKRA

MEANING OF THE NAMESWEETNESS
POSITIONABOVE THE GENITAL ONES
CENTER COLORAQUAMARINE
PETALS COLORVERMILION
 COSMIC COLORORANGE
COLORORANGE
N° NADI / PETALS6
ELEMENTWATER
ENERGY’S STATELIQUID
PLANETMOON
STONEPEARL
METALPOND
ESSENCELAVENDER – PINE – JUNIPER
LOKABHUVAR
MASCULINE DIVINITYBRAHMA
FEMALE DIVINITYRAKINI
VEHICLECROCODILE
BIJA MANTRAVAṂ
NADI MANTRABAṂ – BHAṂ – MAṂ – YAṂ – RAṂ – LAṂ
MUSICAL NOTED
IN THE BODY IT GOVERNS ON…Genital organs – Backs – Adrenal Glands – Legs – Taste
DYSFUNCTIONSImpotence, Frigidity, Prostate, Uterus, Bladder, Backs
FOODSLIQUID
OBSTACLELUST
TYPE OF YOGATANTRA
YOGASANAGESTURE OF SWADHISHTANA (SWADHISHTANA MUDRA) TERRIBLE POSITION (UGRASANA) POSITION OF ADITY (ADITYASANA)
PSYCHOLOGICAL FUNCTIONDESIRE – SEXUALITY’
VERBTO FEEL
EMOTIONTEARS
TAROTSCUPS
MANDALA FORMMOON WITH HUMP IN LOW

MANIPURA CHAKRA

MEANING OF THE NAMEGLIMMERING JEWEL
POSITIONNAVEL – SOLAR PLEXUS
CENTER COLORRED
PETALS COLORBLUE
 COSMIC COLORRED
COLORYELLOW
N° NADI / PETALS10
ELEMENTFIRE
ENERGY’S STATEPLASMA
PLANETSUN
STONERUBY
METALIRON
ESSENCESWEET FENNEL – MINT – CORIANDER
LOKASWAH
MASCULINE DIVINITYVISHNU
FEMALE DIVINITYLAKINI (LAXMI)
VEHICLERAM
BIJA MANTRARAṂ
NADI MANTRAḌAṂ – ḌHAṂ – ṆAṂ – TAṂ – THAṂ – DAṂ – DHAṂ – NAṂ – PAṂ – PHAṂ
MUSICAL NOTEE
IN THE BODY IT GOVERNS ON…Stomach – Bowel – Digestion and Assimilation – Menstrual Cycle – Sees
DYSFUNCTIONSUlcers, Diabetes, Ipoglycemia
FOODSSTARCHES
OBSTACLEAVARICE
TYPE OF YOGAKARMA YOGA
YOGASANAGESTURE OF MANIPURA (MANIPURA MUDRA) POSITION OF NATARAJ (NATARAJASANA) POSITION OF THE HOOD (BASTRIKASANA)
PSYCHOLOGICAL FUNCTIONWISH – POWER
VERBTO CAN
EMOTIONRICE – ANGER – JOY
TAROTSWANDS
MANDALA FORMTRIANGULAR

ANAHATA CHAKRA

MEANING OF THE NAMENOT STRICKEN
POSITIONHEART
CENTER COLORGREY SMOKE
PETALS COLORRED
 COSMIC COLORVIOLET
COLORGREEN
N° NADI / PETALS12
ELEMENTAIR
ENERGY’S STATEGASEOUS
PLANETSATURN
STONESAPPHIRE
METALCOPPER
ESSENCEWHITE CAMPHOR – EUCALYPTUS – ROSEMARY
LOKAMAHAR
MASCULINE DIVINITYRUDRA SHIVA
FEMALE DIVINITYKAKINI (KALI)
VEHICLEANTELOPE
BIJA MANTRAYAṂ
NADI MANTRAKAṂ – KHAṂ – GAṂ – GHAṂ – ṄAṂ – CAṂ – CHAṂ – JAṂ – JHAṂ – ÑAṂ – ṬAṂ – ṬHAṂ
MUSICAL NOTEF
IN THE BODY IT GOVERNS ON…Circulatory and Locomotor System – Respiraton – Swallowing – Punishments – Touch
DYSFUNCTIONSAsthma, Tall pressure, Illnesses to the heart and the bellows
FOODSVEGETABLES
OBSTACLEENVY
TYPE OF YOGABHAKTI YOGA
YOGASANAGESTURE OF ANAHATA (ANAHATA MUDRA) POSITION OF THE GULL (PAKSINASANA) POSITION OF THE MOUNTAIN (TADASANA)
PSYCHOLOGICAL FUNCTIONLOVE – COMPASSION – EQUILIBRIUM
VERBTO LOVE
EMOTIONCOMPASSION
TAROTSSWORDS
MANDALA FORMHEXAGONAL (GURU YANTRA)

VISHUDDHA CHAKRA

MEANING OF THE NAMEPURIFICATION
POSITIONTHROAT
CENTER COLORBLUE
PETALS COLORBLUE
 COSMIC COLORINDIGO
COLORBLUE
N° NADI / PETALS16
ELEMENTETHER
ENERGY’S STATEVIBRATION – SOUND
PLANETVENUS
STONEDIAMOND
METALMERCURY
ESSENCESWEET ORANGE TREE – EUCALYPTUS – CAMOMILE
LOKAJANAH
MASCULINE DIVINITYSADA SHIVA
FEMALE DIVINITYSHAKINI
VEHICLEWHITE ELEPHANT
BIJA MANTRAHAṂ
NADI MANTRAAṂ – ĀṂ – IṂ – ĪṂ – UṂ – ŪṂ – ṚṂ – ṜṂ – ḶṂ – ḸṂ – EṂ – AIṂ – OṂ – AUṂ – AṂ – AḤ
MUSICAL NOTEG
IN THE BODY IT GOVERNS ON…Thyroid – Skin – Mouth – Respiraton – Heard
DYSFUNCTIONSThyroid, Heard, Cold, Sore throat, Cervical
FOODSFRUIT
OBSTACLEGREEDINESS
TYPE OF YOGAMANTRA YOGA
YOGASANAGESTURE OF VISHUDDHA (VISHUDDHA MUDRA) POSITION OF THE TREE (VRIKSASANA) GESTURE OF THE SUN AND MOON (SURYACHANDRA MUDRA)
PSYCHOLOGICAL FUNCTIONCOMMUNICATION – CREATIVENESS
VERBTO SPEAK
EMOTIONCOMMUNION
TAROTSMAJOR ARCANA FROM I TO XI
MANDALA FORMROUND

AJÑA CHAKRA

MEANING OF THE NAMETO PERCEIVE
POSITIONAMONG THE EYEBROWS
CENTER COLORBRIGHT WHITE
PETALS COLORBRIGHT WHITE
 COSMIC COLORBLUE
COLORINDIGO
N° NADI / PETALS2 (48+48)
ELEMENTMIND (MANAS)
ENERGY’S STATELIGHT
PLANETJUPITER
STONETOPAZ
METALSILVER
ESSENCESANDAL – JASMINE – YLANG-YLANG
LOKATAPA
MASCULINE DIVINITYSHIVA SHAMBO
FEMALE DIVINITYHAKINI
VEHICLENADA
BIJA MANTRAOṂ
NADI MANTRAHAṂ – KŚAṂ
MUSICAL NOTEA
IN THE BODY IT GOVERNS ON…HYPOPHYSIS
DYSFUNCTIONSSight, headache, Nightmares, Blindness, Tension to the eyes
FOODSSUBSTANCES THAT ALTER THE MIND
OBSTACLEANGER
TYPE OF YOGAYANTRA YOGA
YOGASANASALUTATION TO THE SUN (SURYA NAMASKAR)
PSYCHOLOGICAL FUNCTIONINTUITION – IMAGINATION – DREAM
VERBTO SEE
EMOTIONDREAM
TAROTSMAJOR ARCANA FROM XII TO XXI
MANDALA FORMROUND

SAHASRARA CHAKRA

MEANING OF THE NAMETHOUSAND PETALS
POSITIONALOFT ON THE SKULL
CENTER COLORMOTLEY OR BRIGHT WHITE
PETALS COLORMOTLEY OR BRIGHT WHITE
 COSMIC COLORGREEN
COLORVIOLET
N° NADI / PETALS1000 (960)
ELEMENTSAMADHI
ENERGY’S STATETHOUGHT
PLANETMERCURY
STONEEMERALD
METALGOLD
ESSENCESANDAL – JASMINE – YLANG-YLANG
LOKASATYA
MASCULINE DIVINITYISHWAR
FEMALE DIVINITYKUNDALINI
VEHICLEBINDU
BIJA MANTRAOṂ
NADI MANTRAALL SANSCRIT LETTERS
MUSICAL NOTEB
IN THE BODY IT GOVERNS ON…PINEAL GLAND-CEREBRAL BARK
DYSFUNCTIONSDepression, Apathy, Alienation, Incapability to learn, Confusion
FOODSFAST
OBSTACLEHAUGHTINESS
TYPE OF YOGAJNANA YOGA
YOGASANASALUTATION TO THE SUN (SURYA NAMASKAR)
PSYCHOLOGICAL FUNCTIONINFORMATION – UNDERSTANDING – KNOWLEDGE
VERBTO KNOW
EMOTIONBENEDICTION
TAROTSTHE FOOL
MANDALA FORMLOTUS

MUDRA

Mudra (Sanskrit: मुद्रा) literally means “seal”, “brand” or “gesture”, it is a symbolic gesture used in Tantric rituals of both Hindu and Buddhist tradition. The mudras can be performed with the whole body but most are performed with the hands. Mudras are part of a system that uses the body to express and emphasize the intentions of the mind. Are often used in yoga practice in association with breathing (pranayama), in meditation and for healing purposes.  Stimulate different parts of the body and affect the flow of prana, the vital energy. It is also said that the mudras are the language of the Devas.

We can note how in Hindu, Jain, and Buddhist iconography every god or goddess adopt a particular mudra, which along with the weapons or objects held by the deity, symbolize a particular energy or quality.

In Tantric rituals 108 mudras are used.

In the ancient text on yoga Gheranda Samhita 25 mudras are mentioned:

महामुद्रा नभोमुद्रा उद्दीयनं जलन्धरम् ।
मूलबन्धो महाबन्धो महावेधश्च खेचरी ॥ १ ॥
विपरीतकरी योनिर्वज्रोली शक्तिचालनी ।
तादागी मण्डुकीमुद्रा शाम्भवी पञ्चधारणा ॥ २ ॥
अश्विनी पाशनी काकी मातङ्गी च भुजंगिनी ।
पञ्चविंशतिमुद्राश्च सिद्धिदा इह् योगिनम् ॥ ३ ॥
mahāmudrā nabhomudrā uddīyānaṃ jalandharam |
mulabandho mahābandho mahāvedhaśca khecarī || 1 ||
viparītakarī yonirvajrolī śakticālanī |
tādāgī maṇḍukīmudrā śāmbhavī pañcadhāraṇā || 2 ||
aśvinī pāśanī kākī mātaṅgī ca bhujaṃginī |
pañcaviṃśatimudrāśca siddhidā ih yoginam || 3 ||
Mahamudra, Nabhomudra, Uddiyanamudra, Jalandharamudra
Muhlabandhamudra, Mahabandhamudra, Mahavedhamudra, and Khecharimudra
Viparitakaranimudra, Yonimudra, Vajrolimudra, Shaktichalani,
Tadagimudra, Mandukimudra, Shambhavimudra, the five Dharana,
Ashvinimudra, Pashinimudra, Kakimudra, Matangimudra and Bhujanginimudra:
these 25 mudras grant to yogis success in this world.

Other text where mudras are mentioned: Hatha Yoga Pradipika – Shiva Samhita

Here are listed the most popular and well-known mudras:

MudraMeaningIllustrationDescriptionSymbology
Chin MudraGesture of ConscienceJoin the tip of the thumb and the forefinger as to form a circle, the other fingers are joined and extended outwards, with the middle finger near the unfolded part of the forefinger. To be executed with both hands, palms facing upward.It represents the Union between man and the divine.
Jñana(Gyana) MudraGesture of KnowledgeLike Chin Mudra but with the palms facing downward.It represents the Union between man and the divine.
Abhaya MudraGesture of FearlessnessThe right hand raised to shoulder height, the arm bent and the palm facing outward with the fingers together in a vertical position.It represents security, benevolence, peace and victory over fear. Abhaya Mudra is the gesture of peace world-wide common to many cultures.
Adi MudraFirst GestureWith your palms facing down, place your thumb inside the palm of the hand touching the base of the little finger. Close the four fingers on the thumb to create a fist.  The respiration must be long and deep.Adi means first and Adi Mudra is the first position adopted by the newborn.
Dhyana MudraGesture of MeditationTo be executed while sitting in a comfortable position (in the yoga in Sukhāsana or in Siddhāsana) with both hands resting on the legs, the right hand over the left. The palms are facing upwards and fingers remain extended.This mudra is one of the most well-known, is present in many of Hindu, Buddhist and Jain iconography.
It represents the illumination above the illusion.
Apana Mudra








Gesture of the vital air Apana (also called Mudra of Digestion)Join the tip of the thumb with the tip of the middle and ring fingers, while keeping the other fingers straight. To be executed with both hands.Apana, literally means “air that runs”, is one of the five vital airs (prana), is associated with the lower part of the abdomen, moves downwards and outwards and governs all forms of elimination and reproduction. Energizing Mudra.
Mrigi MudraGesture of DeerThe same as in Apana Mudra.
Join the tip of the thumb with the tip of the middle and ring fingers, while keeping the other fingers straight.
Used in Pooja and Sadhana.
Tarpana MudraGesture of OfferingJoin the tip of the thumb with the tip of the ring fingers, while keeping the other fingers straight.Used in Pooja and Sadhana.
Apana Vayu MudraGesture of the HeartJoin the tip of the thumb, ring and middle finger, while the forefinger touches the base of the thumb, keeping the little finger straight. To be executed with both hands, palms facing upward.It is called Mudra of the Heart for its influence upon the heart and blood pressure.
It reduces the gas content in body.
Prana MudraGesture of the Vital AirTo be executed while sitting in a comfortable position (in the yoga in Sukhāsana or in Siddhāsana), focusing on the breath. The tips of the little finger and ring finger touch the tip of the thumb, keeping the other fingers straight. To be executed with both hands, palms facing upward.It symbolizes the life force. Prana is the vital air that flows in our body. There are 5 vital airs: Prana, Apana, Vyana, Udana, Samana.
Ganesh MudraGesture of Ganesh
To be executed while sitting in a comfortable position, focusing on the breath. Hang up your hands to the heart. The left outside, the right in front of the heart.
It symbolizes Ganesh, the elephant-headed God, known as the remover of obstacles.
It stimulates the fourth chakra, Anahata.
Kalesvara MudraGesture of KalesvaraTo be executed while sitting in a comfortable position, focusing on the breath. The tip of the middle and thumbs touching, the other fingers are joined folded inside. Place your thumbs to the heart.It symbolizes Kalesvara, God of Time.
It calms the mind.
Matangi MudraGesture of the Goddess MatangiJoin the hands at stomach height, palms are towards each other with fingers facing upwards. The fingers of the right hand are entwined with those of the left, with the exception of the middle fingers that remain straight and joined.It symbolizes the relationship with Mother Earth.
Yoni MudraYoni GestureJoin hands in front of the stomach with palms facing your tummy, thumbs joined up and forefingers joined down to form a triangle.Yoni, meaning vagina, uterus, symbolizes the origin of life, the feminine energy, the creative power, Shakti.  This mudra insulates the practitioner from the outside world as a fetus in the womb of the mother.
Yoni MudraYoni GestureFold the hands, under the right than the left.
Grab with the index fingers the ring fingers.
Then stretch out the middle fingers, the little fingers and thumbs.
Yoni, meaning vagina, uterus, symbolizes the origin of life, the feminine energy, the creative power, Shakti.  This mudra symbolizes the yonis of the three Mothers.
Linga MudraLinga GestureCross fingers of both hands. Keep the left thumb straight surrounded by the right thumb and forefinger.Linga is the symbol of Shiva, represents the universe.
This mudra produces heat in the body.
Kundalini MudraKundalini GestureTo be executed while sitting in a comfortable position (in the yoga in Sukhāsana, Vajrāsana or in Siddhāsana), focusing on the breath.
Form two overlapping fists, extend the left index and grab it with the right fist on it. Cover the tip of the index with your thumb.
Hold the Mudra on Muladhara.
It symbolizes the union of individual soul with the cosmic soul.
Rudra MudraRudra GestureTo be executed while sitting in a comfortable position (in the yoga in Sukhāsana, Vajrāsana or in Siddhāsana), focusing on the breath.
Combine the tip of the thumb, index and ring fingers. Medium and little fingers straight but relaxed. It is performed with both hands, palms facing up.
Symbolizes Rudra, the terrific aspect of Shiva.
Very powerful mudra with different beneficial effects on the body.
Brahma MudraBrahma GestureTo be executed while sitting in a comfortable position (in the yoga in Sukhāsana, Vajrāsana or in Siddhāsana), focusing on the breath.
With the palms facing upwards and located at the level of the navel, place your thumb inside the Palm of the hand touching the base of the little finger. Close the four fingers on the thumb to create a fist. Join the knuckles of the hands like in the picture alongside.
It symbolizes Brahma, the creator aspect of the divine.
Ankusha MudraGesture of the GoadFolded index, medium straight.
It symbolizes Ganesh goad. Also used to encourage the deities to move from the spiritual world to the material. Or even to encourage the soul towards the ultimate goal.
Matsya MudraGesture of the FishRight palm below, left Palm over. Thumbs move as if they were the fins of fish. (this mode is mainly Tantric, other schools put right above)Symbolizes the Fish.
It symbolizes also swimming across the ocean of worldliness without fear.
Dhenu MudraGesture of the CowFold the hands, under the right than the left.
The right index finger touches the left middle.
The left index finger touches the right middle.
The right little finger touches the left ring finger.
The left little finger touches the right ring.
Thumbs inside.
It symbolizes the muzzle of a cow, the one who always nourishes with love.
Kurmāsana MudraGesture of the TurtleUnder the left hand: thumb, index and little finger raised.
The other fingers touch the palm.
Above the right hand: thumb, index and little finger down.
The other fingers touch the palm.
Join the two hands, the right index finger on the left thumb, right little finger on the left index, right thumb on the left palm, right little finger on the left palm.
Bring Mudra to the heart.
It symbolizes a throne shaped like a turtle.
Used in Pooja and Sadhana.
Shankh MudraGesture of the ConchHold the left thumb with the four fingers of the right hand.
The left middle touches the right thumb.
Bring Mudra to the heart.
Do it singing the mantra AUM.
Symbolizes the Ritual Conch.
Used in Pooja and Sadhana.
Relationship between fingers and the 5 elements – Vedik version
(Ayurveda, Dakshinachara – right hand path)
Agni Mudra (also called  Surya Mudra)Gesture of the FireBend the ring finger to the base of the thumb and press with your thumb on the second phalanx, keeping the other fingers straight. To be executed with both hands, palms facing upward.Mantra: RAṂ
It symbolizes the inner fire. Prevents and cures digestive disorders.
Vayu MudraGesture of the AirBend the forefinger at the base of the thumb and press with your thumb on the second phalanx, keeping the other fingers straight. To be executed with both hands, palms facing upward.Mantra: YAṂ
This Mudra helps in balancing the air element within the body.
Akash MudraGesture of the SpaceJoin the tip of the thumb and the middle finger as to form a circle, keeping the other fingers straight. To be executed with both hands, palms facing upward.Mantra: HAṂ
This Mudra helps in balancing the space element and to achieve the energies inside the body.
Prithvi MudraGesture of the EarthJoin the tip of the thumb and the ring finger as to form a circle, keeping the other fingers straight. To be executed with both hands, palms facing upward.Mantra: LAṂ
This Mudra helps in balancing the Earth element within the body.
Jal MudraGesture of the WaterJoin the tip of the thumb and little finger as to form a circle, keeping the other fingers straight. To be executed with both hands, palms facing upward.Mantra: VAṂ
This Mudra helps in balancing the water element within the body.

Other mudras performed with the body:

Bhramari MudraGesture of the BeeSitting comfortably with your back straight and your head not moving, imagine that a bee turns in a circle before you, first in one direction and then another. Fold the neck back and repeat the exercise. It is important to move only the eyes, the head remains stationary. To be performed only once a day. Relaxes and invigorates the eyes.
Surya Chandra Mudra (or Brahma Mudra)Gesture of the Sun and the Moon (or Brahma Gesture)Sitting in the simple position inhale. Exhale and bring the head forward. Inhaling turn right up to the shoulder. Exhale and rotate the head back. While inhaling turn left. Exhale and return to the initial position. Repeat on the contrary. Contraindicated for arthritis extended to all cervical vertebrae. Prevents cervical, eliminates headaches, strengthens the view, relaxing.
Matsya MudraGesture of the FishInflate the cheeks without curling the lips. Perform a dozen times. It purifies the blood, increases blood pressure, tones the facial muscles preventing wrinkles.
Bhujangini MudraGesture of the Serpent (or Cobra)“Drink” the air by opening and expanding a little the mouth, strengthens the abdomen and the digestive tract.
Simha MudraGesture of the LionExhale from the mouth: tongue out, eyes looking at the nose and open hands. Is good for the liver, bile and sight. Eliminates bad breath.
Kaki MudraGesture of the CrawThe Gheranda Samhita describes it thus: Contract the lips, like the beak of a crow, and drink the air slowly and slowly.
Khechari MudraGesture of the movement in Space (Kechari = moving in Space)After performing the cleansing of the tongue, inhaling, place the tongue above the palate to close the nasal cavity. Rhythmically massaging the soft palate. It should then produce a sweet liquid, but if it produces a bitter or metallic taste liquid you must spit.
The Hatha Yoga Pradipika describes the Kechari Mudra thus: 
Kapālakuhare jihvā pravishtā viparītaghā Bhruvorantarghatā drshtirmudrā bhavati khecharī – The Khechari mudra is accomplished by thrusting the tongue into the gullet, by turning it over itself, and keeping the eyesight in the middle of the eyebrows.
Jalandhara BandhaHigh ContractionIn Sanskrit jalan means net, dhara means to hold, then the meaning of jalandhara bandha is the physical lock that controls the network of nadis (energy channels) in the neck.
Inhaling fold the chin close to the chest. With the chin in this position, push the tongue to the palate. Exhaling slowly relax. Repeat several times. It stimulates the higher chakras (Vishuddha, Ajña and Sahasrara). Strengthens the neck and directly stimulates the pituitary, pineal, thyroid, parathyroid, and thymus glands.
Uddiyana BandhaAbdominal Contraction (Uddiyana = rise up, fly up)Inhale deeply and exhale all the air. Holding the breath contract the abdomen inside the rib cage. Hold the position for a while ‘and then slowly relax the abdomen. Repeat several times. Stimulates the chakras medians (Manipura and Anahata). Prevents and treats disorders of the digestive system.
Mula BandhaLow Contraction (Mula = root, Bandha = close – fix)While inhaling contract the sphincter. Exhaling slowly relax it. Repeat several times. Stimulates the first two chakras  (Muladhara  and  Swadhishthana). Prevents and cures hemorrhoids.
Maha BandhaGreat Contraction
Perform in the order Mula Bandha, Uddiyana Bandha and  Jalandhar Bandha releasing them in the same order.

Meditations

Meditation on Chakras

Sit back, relax every muscle in your body.
Visualize the chakras using the image on your monitor, or close your eyes and visualize internally.

Let us now concentrate on the Muladhara Chakra, located at the base of the spine, and imagine a closed flower that slowly opens. The center is yellow and has four red petals.
Now focused on the open flower within us repeat the mantra LAM.
Visualize now the flower slowly closes.

Let us now concentrate on Swadhisthana Chakra, above the genitals, here we imagine a closed flower that slowly opens. The center has the color of the water and has six petals of red vermilion.
Now focused on the open flower within us repeat the mantra VAM.
Visualize now the flower slowly closes.

Let us now concentrate on Manipura chakra, the base of the stomach, here we imagine a closed flower that slowly opens. The center is red and has ten blue petals.
Now focused on the open flower within us repeat the mantra RAM.
Visualize now the flower slowly closes.

Let us now concentrate on Anahata Chakra, the heart, imagine a closed flower that slowly opens. The center is gray smoke and has twelve red petals.
Concentrate on the open flower within us repeat the mantra YAM.
Visualize now the flower slowly closes.


Let us now concentrate on Vishuddha Chakra, throat, again imagine a closed flower that slowly opens. The center of the flower is blue and has sixteen petals blue.
Concentrate on the open flower within us repeat the mantra HAM.
Visualize now the flower slowly closes.

Let us now concentrate on Ajña chakra between the eyebrows, and here we imagine a closed flower that slowly opens. A flower that has only two petals, the center and the petals are white. The more the flower opens and the more becomes shiny. When the flower is fully open will look like a light- flower.
Concentrate on the open flower within us repeat the mantra OM.
Visualize now the flower slowly closes.


Let us now concentrate on the Sahasrara Chakra, on top of the head, imagine a closed flower that slowly opens. is a multi-colored flower that has a thousand petals.
Concentrate on the open flower hear the sound of our breathing.
Visualize now the flower slowly closes.

MEDITATION: Chakras and Elements

Sit comfortably in your usual a meditative pose.
Start from the root chakra, Muladhara and visualize the Earth element.
See it dissolving in the element of the sacral chakra, the Water.
Visualize the water consumed by the fire of the solar plexus chakra, Manipura.
The fire is extinguished in air, the element of the heart chakra, Anahata.
The air becomes ether in the throat chakra, Vishuddha.
The ether is absorbed into the third eye chakra and is transmuted into Light.
Finally, the light dissolves into Universal Mind or Infinite Consciousness of Sahasrara Chakra.

Inner Adoration

Visualize the path of the vital breath within one’s own body, imagining that from the navel of Sadashiva three rays are born, on which we will find the three Goddesses: Parā, who is on Bhairava Sadbhāva; Parāparā standing on Ratishekhara Bhairava; Aparā standing on Navātma Bhairava. The three Goddesses are also associated with the succession of gurus (Parampara).

Breathing exercises and Pranayama

EXERCISE OF BREATH
Inhale and gently press your thumb and forefinger on the eyes, the pressure lasts throughout inspiration. Exhale deeply slowly decrease the pressure. It slows the heart rate, decreases anxiety.

EXERCISE OF BREATH
Focus on dimple of the neck, inhaling, holding the breath to push the chin toward the neck. Exhale and release the pressure. You have the same effects of exercise above. These two exercises are excellent for crisis tachycardia.

BREATHING OF THE BEE (BHRAMARI PRANAYAMA)
Breathe deeply focusing on the throat. Both inhaling and exhaling make a buzz between the nose and throat like that of a bee.


CONTRARY BREATHING (VILOMA PRANAYAMA)
Exhale completely through the nostrils. Inhaling and retain the air for a few seconds. Inhale and hold … ..and so on up to completely fill the lungs. Hold breath as much as possible. Exhale slowly and deeply uttering the sound “ooh”. Repeat several times.

BREATHING OF THE SUN (SURYA PRANAYAMA)

Close the left nostril, using your hand, inhale with the other nostril.

BREATHING OF THE MOON (CHANDRA PRANAYAMA)

Close the right nostril and inhale.

BREATHING OF THE SUN AND THE MOON (SURYA CHANDRA PRANAYAMA)

Close the left nostril, inhale. Close the right nostril, exhale and inhale. Close the left nostril, exhale and inhale … and so on. Repeat for 5 minutes.

DRUM BREATHING (MRIDANGA PRANAYAMA)

Breathe deeply beating the chest with the fingers. Purifies the bronchi and lungs, good for smokers. Stimulates Anahata Chakra.

INTERRUPTED BREATHING (VILOMA PRANAYAMA)

Interrupt breathing as when you cry. Start inhaling with 7 pauses and then exhaling with 7 pauses (but you can also start with 5 or more pauses), then decreased: 6/6 – 5/5 – 4/4 – 3/3 – 2/2, end up with a slow, deep breathing. Repeat several times.

MEDITATION ON LISTENING TO THE OWN BREATH

Simply listen to your own breath. It may adopt abdominal breathing.

COMPLETE YOGIC BREATHING

Perform abdominal, thoracic and clavicular (throat) breathings, bringing your hands on the abdomen, chest and throat.

Abdominal breathing: inhaling inflates the abdomen, exhaling relaxes
Chest breathing: inhaling inflates the chest, exhaling relaxes.
Clavicular breathing: high breathing, of gluttony, as you inhale chest and belly do not swell.

BREATHING OF THE LIGHT OF THE SKULL (KAPALABHATI)

Inhale slowly. Exhale suddenly. Perform for a few minutes. Finished the exercise perform a slow, deep complete yogic breathing.

IRREGULAR BREATHING (VILOMA PRANAYAMA)

Inhale from the mouth uttering the sound hoo. Exhale little air and hold your breath for a second. Continue exhaling always emitting little air and holding the breath for a second. Go on until complete emptying of the lungs. Repeat several times. Decreases the pressure.

BREATHINGS ON CHAKRAS

Starting from Muladhara Chakra, inhale deeply concentrating on the chakra, exhale uttering the mantra of the chakra in question. 5 breaths and then switch to the higher chakras.

BREATHING EXERCISE ON KUNDALINI

Imagine Kundalini as a heat, a fire that goes through all the chakras.
Breathing in goes up, breathing out goes down.

Vipassana

Vipassana is a traditional and ancient Buddhist meditation really interesting, where there’s plenty to do… just to sit quietly, doing nothing and watch the breath. Vipassana meditation aims to develop full awareness of all sensory and mental stimuli, in order to capture their real nature. It is traditionally defined as a meditation of “inner perception” in the sense that simply slowing each activity and by sitting in meditation we create a space in which we can have intuitions about who we are, and where we can get to know us more deeply, more intimately. The body and mind are the field in which it is possible to find out, with a careful vision, the truth.

Contemplation of the body

Breath awareness

Awareness of body positions

Awareness of the actions of the body

Awareness of body parts

Awareness of the elements

Contemplation of feelings

Contemplation of the mind

Contemplation of mental objects

Centering Meditation

Put a candle or a small flame in front of you.

First stage: 15 minutes

Seated in an easy position with eyes closed and lips together. inhale slowly, stop for a moment and then exhaling the sound MMM. Take a longer break before inspiration. The internal vibration that will be created will shake our subtlest energies.

Second stage: 15 minutes

Sit down with narrowed eyes and observe the flame set before. Continue with regular and slow breathing. This will center our energies awakened.

Third stage: 15 minutes

Lie on your back, close your eyes and relax with a slow and regular breathing. Relax every muscle and every part of the body, starting from the feet to get to the head.

Then visualize the breath as a heat source that starts from the center of the root and get to the top of the head. View its warm colors. Gradually see the breath becomes an increasingly hot and bright light. When the light reaches the top of the head visualize this light expanding beyond the body.

Awakening of the heart – give and receive

If we do not love, life has no meaning; When you really love, the ego disappears. When the ego disappears we open our being to the All, the One. For this reason, the path of the heart is a prime way that can lead us directly to higher states of consciousness.

This simple meditation joins the breath to the gestures of giving and receiving so awakening the heart and accepting with simplicity and love what happens.

Inspiring bring your hands to the heart.

Exhaling extend your arms outward.

Active Meditations
 

Many cultures have traditions of meditative movements or sacred dance: from shamanism to Tantra, from Sufi to Gurdjieff, from Qigong to the techniques developed in Buddhism, etc. Through active meditations we become mindful of our experience while acting. The mind can be detached automatically from the incessant flow of thoughts because it is concentrated in the observation of bodily sensations that are perceived at that exact moment. Managing to maintain this awareness, you can even go beyond the observer, reaching the state of non-duality.

Any action can become a meditation.

Osho Active Meditations

Dynamic Meditation

First stage: 10 minutes
Breathe chaotically through the nose, concentrating always on exhalation. The body will take care of the inhalation. Do this as fast and as hard as you can more and more – until you literally become the breathing. Use your entire body to push the air out, as if you were a bellows.

Second stage: 10 minutes
Explode! Express everything that needs to be thrown out. Become totally crazy. Shout, cry, jump, shake, dance, sing, laugh. Hold nothing back; keep the whole body in motion. A little acting often helps to start. Do not allow your mind to interfere with what is happening. Be total, be whole hearted; be careful, aware of what is happening to you.

Third stage: 10 minutes
With raised arms, jump up and down shouting the mantra Hoo! Hoo! Hoo! as deeply as possible, allowing the sound to come from the bottom of the belly. Landing from the jump with the entire sole of the foot and let the sound deeply affects your sexual center. Give all you have; go dead.

Fourth stage: 15 minutes
Stop! Stop wherever you are, at any location you are. Do not move the body for any reason. A cough, a movement – anything will dissipate the energy flow and the effort will be in vain. Remain completely still, being a witness to everything that happens.

Fifth Stage: 15 minutes
Celebrate with dance, expressing your gratitude towards existence. Bring this happiness with you all day.

Kundalini

This meditation, “sister” of the Dynamic, finds its best if done at sunset or late afternoon. Totally immerse yourself in the shaking and dancing during the first two stages helps loosen one’s being hard as rocks, at any point in the flow of energy has been suppressed and blocked. Then that energy can flow, dance and be transformed into joy and bliss.
The last two stages allow all of this energy to slide vertically, to move upwards in the silence. An extremely effective way to be loose and to relax, letting yourself go at the end of the day.

Instructions:

First Stage: 15 minutes

Be loose and let the whole body shake. Look up the energy from the feet upwards. Let go of every single part and become the shaking. The eyes can be open or closed.

Second Stage: 15 minutes

Dance – just as you like, and let the whole body move as it wishes. The eyes can be open or closed.

Third Stage: 15 minutes

Close your eyes and be still, sitting or standing, observe like a witness whatever’s going on inside and outside of you.

Fourth Stage: 15 minutes

Keeping your eyes closed, lie down and be still.

Mandala

This is another powerful technique that creates a circle of energy, resulting in a natural centering. There are four stages of 15 minutes each.

First Stage: 15 minutes

With open eyes run on the spot, starting slowly and gradually, getting faster and faster. Bring your knees up as high as possible. Breathing deeply and evenly will move the energy within. Forget the mind and forget the body. Keep going.

Second Stage: 15 minutes

Sit with your eyes closed and mouth open and loose. Gently rotate your body from the belly, like a reed blowing in the wind. Feel the wind blowing you from side to side, back and forth, around and around. This will bring your awakened energies to the navel center.

Third Stage: 15 minutes

Lie on your back, open your eyes and with the head still, rotate them in a clockwise direction. Sweep them fully around in the sockets as if you are following the second hand of a vast clock, but as fast as possible. It is important that the mouth remains open and the jaw relaxed, with the breath soft and even. This will bring centering energies to the third eye.

Fourth Stage: 15 minutes

Close your eyes and be still.

SADHANA

Sadhana means spiritual path, that is the set of all the practices, rituals and austerities that are performed with regularity and concentration, with the aim of obtaining Moksha (liberation). It is an act of purification and expansion of the mind, which leads to the state of Self-Realization.

In the tantra it is stated that Shiva , in his infinite grace, full of compassion for suffering beings in this dark age, proclaimed   tantric sadhana by means of spiritual emancipation. Tantrism is not a simple theory or philosophy, but above all it prescribes a   systematic sadhana , a regular discipline, according to the practitioner’s temperament, ability and evolutionary degree. A terrific opportunity to experiment with extraordinary techniques for spiritual evolution, introducing yourself to the world of  yantra, mantra and tantra .

Yantra , mantra and tantra symbolically represent the three paths of Hinduism. The yantra  is the path of knowledge (Jñanamarg), themantra  is the path of devotion (Bhaktimarg), theTantra is the path of action (Karmasanyasmarg).

Main types of Sadhana

  • Repetition of the Name
    • Namasmarana / Japa Mala (repetition of formulas or mantras)
    • Bhajan
  • Dialogue
    • Satsang
    • Prayer
  • Abstention / austerity
    • Silence (abstention from speech)
    • Fasting (whole wheat, or limited to certain types of food)
    • Chastity
    • Asceticism (renunciation of worldly life)
  • Study of sacred texts
  • Seva (selfless service)
  • Worship
    • Puja
    • Yajña (ritual sacrifices)
    • Ablutions
  • Contemplation
    • Dhyana (meditation)
    • Contemplation of one or more Murti