Shree Hanuman Chalisa – Glory of Lord Hanuman

 

Hanuman Chalisa:

The Hanuman Chalisa (Hindi pronunciation: [ɦənʊmaːn tʃaːliːsaː]; literally Forty chaupais on Hanuman) is a Hindu devotional hymn (stotra) addressed to Hanuman. It is traditionally believed to have been authored by 16th-century poet Tulsidas in the Awadhi languageand is his best known text apart from the Ramcharitmanas. The word “chālīsā” is derived from “chālīs”, which means the number forty in Hindi, as the Hanuman Chalisa has 40 verses (excluding the couplets at the beginning and at the end). Hanuman Chalisa is a devotional hymn dedicated to Lord Hanuman.

Hanuman is a vanara (a monkey-like humanoid), a devotee of Ram, and one of the central characters in the Indian epic poem, the Ramayan. Folk tales acclaim the powers of Hanuman. The qualities of Hanuman – his strength, courage, wisdom, celibacy, devotion to Rama and the many names by which he was known – are detailed in the Hanuman Chalisa. Recitation or chanting of the Hanuman Chalisa is a common religious practice. The Hanuman Chalisa is the most popular hymn in praise of Hanuman, and is recited by millions of Hindus every day.

About the work

The authorship of the Hanuman Chalisa is attributed to Tulsidas, a poet-saint who lived in the 16th century CE. He says in the last stanza of the Chalisa that whoever chants it with full devotion to Hanuman, will have Hanuman’s grace. Amongst the Hindus Worldwide, it is a very popular belief that chanting the Hanuman Chalisa invokes Hanuman’s divine intervention in grave problems, including those concerning evil spirits.

Text

The work consists of forty-three verses – two introductory Dohas, forty Chaupais and one Doha in the end. The first introductory Doha begins with the word shrī, which refers to Sita, who is considered the Guru of Hanuman. The auspicious form, knowledge, virtues, powers and bravery of Hanuman are described in the first ten Chaupais. Chaupais eleven to twenty describe the acts of Hanuman in his service to Ram, with the eleventh to fifteenth Chaupais describing the role of Hanuman in bringing back Lakshman to consciousness. From the twenty-first Chaupai, Tulsidas describes the need of Hanuman’s Kripa. At the end, Tulsidas hails Hanuman and requests him to reside in his heart and in the heart of Vaishnavs. The concluding Doha again requests Hanuman to reside in the heart, along with Ram, Lakshman and Sita.

The translation below follows the English and Hindi translations by Gita Press, Rao, Mehta and Rambhadracharya.

Introductory Dohas

Devanagari
श्रीगुरु चरन सरोज रज निज मन मुकुर सुधारि।
बरनउँ रघुबर बिमल जसु जो दायकु फल चारि॥

Hunterian
shrīguru charana saroja raja nija mana mukuru sudhāri।
baranau raghubara bimala jasu jo dāyaku phala chāri॥

Cleansing the mirror in the form of my mind with the pollen of the lotus-feet of the Guru, I describe the unblemished glory of Rama, which bestows the four fruits.

Gita Press translation interprets the four fruits as the four Puruṣārthas – DharmaArthaKāma, and Mokṣa. Rambhadracharya comments that the four fruits refer to any of the following

  1. The four Puruṣārthas – Dharma, Artha, Kāma, Mokṣa
  2. The four types of Mukti – Sālokya, Sāmīpya, Sāyujya, Sārūpya
  3. Dharma, JñānaYogaJapa

Devanagari
बुद्धिहीन तनु जानिकै सुमिरौं पवनकुमार।
बल बुधि बिद्या देहु मोहिं हरहु कलेस बिकार॥

Hunterian
buddhihīna tanu jānikai sumirau pavanakumāra।
bala budhi bidyā dehu mohi harahu kalesa bikāra॥

Knowing my body to be devoid of intelligence, I remember Hanuman, the son of Vāyu. Give me strength, intelligence and knowledge and remove all ailments (kalesa) and impurities (bikāra).

Gita Press interprets kalesa as bodily ailments and bikāra as mental maladies.  Rambhadracharya comments that kalesa (Sanskrit kleśa) refers to the five afflictions (Avidyā, Asmitā, Rāga, Dveṣa, and Abhiniveśa) as described in the Yoga Sutras, and bikāra  (Sanskrit vikāra) refers to the six impurities of the mind (Kāma, Krodha, Lobha, Moha, Mada, and Mātsarya). Rambhadracharya adds that these five afflictions and six impurities are the eleven enemies, and Hanuman is capable of removing them as he is the incarnation of the eleven Rudras.

The Chalisa 

Devanagari
जय हनुमान ज्ञान गुन सागर।
जय कपीस तिहुँ लोक उजागर॥ १ ॥

Hunterian
jaya hanumāna gyāna guna sāgara।
jaya kapīsa tihu loka ujāgara॥ 1 ॥

O Hanuman, the ocean of knowledge and virtues, may you be victorious. O the chief amongst Vanaras famous across the three Lokas (PātālaPrithvi (earth) and Svarga), may you be victorious.

Rambhadracharya comments that Hanuman is called ocean of knowledge by Tulsidas as the Valmiki Ramayana describes him as one who knows the three Vedas (ṚgvedaYajurveda, and Sāmaveda) and Vyākaraṇa.

Devanagari
राम दूत अतुलित बल धामा।
अंजनि पुत्र पवनसुत नामा॥ २ ॥

Hunterian
rāma dūta atulita bala dhāmā।
anjani putra pavanasuta nāmā॥ 2 ॥

You are the trusted messenger of Rama and you are the abode of incomparable strength. You are known by the names of Anjaniputra (son of Anjana) and Pavanasuta (son of Vāyu).

Hanuman is called Anjaniputra as he was born from the womb of Anjana, who was an Apsara with the name Puñjikasthalā and was born as a Vanara by the curse of Agastya. Hanuman is called Pavanasuta since Vāyu carried the divine power of Shiva into Anjana’s womb, and since the Valmiki Ramayana calls Hanuman as Vāyu’s own son (mārutasyaurasaḥ putraḥ).

Devanagari
महावीर विक्रम बजरंगी।
कुमति निवार सुमति के संगी॥ ३ ॥

Hunterian
mahāvīra vikrama bajarangī।
kumati nivāra sumati ke sangī॥ 3 ॥

You are the great hero, you are endowed with valour, your body is as strong as Indra‘s Vajra. You are the destroyer of vile intellect, and you are the companion of one whose intellect is pure.

Rambhadracharya explains the word bajarangī to come from Sanskrit Vajrāṅgī and gives two meanings of the word bikrama based on the root kram in Sanskrit and usage of the verb form vikramasva in Valmiki Ramayana –

  1. Hanuman is endowed with special progression of sādhanā (penance).
  2. Hanuman is endowed with the special action of going over or across, i.e. the crossing of the ocean

Devanagari
कंचन बरन बिराज सुबेसा।
कानन कुंडल कुंचित केसा॥ ४ ॥

Hunterian
kanchana barana birāja subesā।
kānana kundala kunchita kesā॥ 4 ॥

Your complexion is that of molten gold, and you are resplendent in your handsome form. You wear Kundalas (small earrings worn in old times by Hindus) in your ears and your hair is curly.

Noting that in the Ramcharitmanas Tulsidas calls Hanuman as Subeṣa (one with a handsome form), Rambhadracharya comments that this verse describes the form of Hanuman when he took the appearance of a Brahmin, which happens three times in the Ramcharitmanas.

Devanagari
हाथ बज्र औ ध्वजा बिराजै।
काँधे मूँज जनेऊ साजै॥ ५ ॥

Hunterian
hātha bajra au dhvajā birājai।
kādhe mūnja janeū sājai॥ 5 ॥

You have the Vajra and the flag in your hands, and the sacred-thread (Yajnopavita) made of the Munja grass adorns your shoulder.

Rambhadracharya gives two meanings for the first half of the verse –

  1. The flag signifying the victory of Rama shines forth in Hanuman’s Vajra-like powerful hand
  2. The Vajra-like powerful Gadā and the victory flag of Rama shine forth in Hanuman’s hands

He also gives the variant reading chhājai (छाजै) instead of sājai (साजै) in the second half.

Devanagari
शंकर सुवन केसरी नंदन।
तेज प्रताप महा जग बंदन॥ ६ ॥

Hunterian
shankara suvana kesarī nandana।
teja pratāpa mahā jaga bandana॥ 6 ॥

O son of Shiva (or son of Vāyu carrying the power of Shiva), the delighter of Kesari, your aura and majesty is great and is revered by the whole world.

Rao and Mehta explain the first half as Hanuman is the son of Kesari and Shiva. Rambhadracharya gives two variant readings for the first part–

  1. shankara svayam which is explained as Hanuman is Shiva himself, as Vāyu carried the power of Shiva himself in Anjana’s womb from which Hanuman was born. Tulsidas mentions Hanuman as an Avatar of Shiva in the Vinayapatrika.
  2. shankara suvana which is explained as Hanuman is the son of Vāyu, who is one of the eight manifestations of Shiva as per Kalidasa. An alternate explanation is that the word suvana is used in the sense of Aṃśa as per the Puranic narrative of Vāyu carrying Shivas power to Anjana’s womb.

Rambhadracharya explains kesarī nandana as the Kṣetraja son of Kesari, which is one of the twelve kinds of offspring recognized in the ancient Hindu law.

Devanagari
विद्यावान गुनी अति चातुर।
राम काज करिबे को आतुर॥ ७ ॥

Hunterian
vidyāvāna gunī ati chātura।
rāma kāja karibe ko ātura॥ 7 ॥

You are the praiseworthy abode of the eighteen types of Vidyā (knowledge), all virtues reside in you, and you are exceedingly clever. You are ever eager to perform tasks for Rama.

Devanagari
प्रभु चरित्र सुनिबे को रसिया।
राम लखन सीता मन बसिया॥ ८ ॥

Hunterian
prabhu charitra sunibe ko rasiyā।
rāma lakhana sītā mana basiyā॥ 8 ॥

You delight in listening to the acts of Rama (Ramayana). Rama, Lakshmana and Sita reside in your mind. Alternately, you reside in the minds of Rama, Lakshmana and Sita [owing to their affection towards you].

Devanagari
सूक्ष्म रूप धरी सियहिं दिखावा।
बिकट रूप धरि लंक जरावा॥ ९ ॥

Hunterian
sūkshma rūpa dhari siyahi dikhāvā।
bikata rūpa dhari lanka jarāvā॥ 9 ॥

You assumed an extremely minute form and appeared to Sita in the Ashok Vatika. You assumed a very large and scary form and burnt the city of Lanka.

Devanagari
भीम रूप धरि असुर सँहारे।
रामचन्द्र के काज सँवारे॥ १० ॥

Hunterian
bhīma rūpa dhari asura sahāre।
rāmachandra ke kāja savāre॥ 10 ॥

You assumed a frightening form and destroyed the demons [in the army of Ravana]. You carried out all the tasks of Rama. 

Rambhadracharya comments that the word bhīma is an allusion to the event in the Mahabharata when Hanuman showed the same frightening form to Bhima.

 

Devanagari
लाय सँजीवनि लखन जियाए।
श्रीरघुबीर हरषि उर लाए॥ ११ ॥

Hunterian
lāya sajīvani lakhana jiyāe।
shrī raghubīra harashi ura lāe॥ 11 ॥

You brought the Sanjivini, the life saving herb from Dronagiri in Himalayas, and revitalized Lakshman. Out of elation, Rama embraced you.

Devanagari
रघुपति कीन्हीं बहुत बड़ाई।
तुम मम प्रिय भरतहि सम भाई॥ १२ ॥

Hunterian
raghupati kīnhī bahut barāī।
tuma mama priya bharatahi sama bhāī॥ 12 ॥

Rama, the chief among Raghu’s descendants, praised you profusely saying “You are dear to me like my brother Bharata.

Rambhadracharya associates the term bhāī with bharata. In contrast, Rao and Mehta interpret the second half as Rama said that you (Hanuman) are my dear brother, like Bharata.

Devanagari
सहस बदन तुम्हरो जस गावैं।
अस कहि श्रीपति कंठ लगावैं॥ १३ ॥

Hunterian
sahasa badana tumharo jasa gāvai।
asa kahi shrīpati kantha lagāvai॥ 13 ॥

Rao and Mehta’s translation – Rama also added that a thousand people will praise Hanuman’s glory and embraced him again.

Rambhadracharya interprets sahasa badana as the thousand-hooded serpent Shesha. His translation is The serpent Shesha, who has a thousand mouths, sings and will sing your glory, saying thus Rama embraces Hanuman again and again.

Devanagari
सनकादिक ब्रह्मादि मुनीसा।
नारद सारद सहित अहीसा॥ १४ ॥
जम कुबेर दिक्पाल जहाँ ते।
कबी कोबिद कहि सकैं कहाँ ते॥ १५ ॥

Hunterian
sanakādika brahmādi munīsā।
nārada sārada sahita ahīsā॥ 14 ॥
jama kubera dikpāla jahā te।
kabi kobida kahi sakai kahā te॥ 15 ॥

Rao and Mehta translate the two verses as Saints like Sanka, Bramha, Munisa, Narad, Sarad, Sahit and Ahisa have blessed Hanuman; Yama (God of death), Kubera (God of wealth), Dikpala (Gods of eight directions), Kavis (poets), Kovidas (folk singers) cannot describe Hanuman’s reputation. Rambhadracharya associates the verb gāvai in verse 13 with verse 14 and first half of verse 15 also, interprets ahīsā as standing for both Shiva and Vishnu, and kovida as one who knows Vedas. His translation reads The celibate Rishis like Sanaka, the Devatas like BrahmaNarada the best among Munis (sages), Saraswati with Shiva and Vishnu, the eight Dikpalas including Yama and Kubera – all these will sing your glory. To what extent can the mortal poets and scholars of Vedas speak about your infinite glory?

Devanagari
तुम उपकार सुग्रीवहिं कीन्हा।
राम मिलाय राजपद दीन्हा॥ १६ ॥

Hunterian
tuma upakāra sugrīvahi kīnhā।
rāam milāya rājapada dīnhā॥ 16 ॥

You did Sugriva a great favour by making him meet Rama and bestowing on him the kingdom of Kishkindha.

Devanagari
तुम्हरो मन्त्र बिभीषन माना।
लंकेश्वर भए सब जग जाना॥ १७ ॥

Hunterian
tumharo mantra bibhīshana mānā।
lankeshvara bhae saba jaga jānā॥ 17 ॥

Your Mantra was accepted by Vibishana, as a result of which he became the king of LankaThe whole world knows this.

Devanagari
जुग सहस्र जोजन पर भानू।
लील्यो ताहि मधुर फल जानू॥ १८ ॥

Hunterian
juga sahasra jojana para bhānū।
līlyo tāhi madhura phala jānū॥ 18 ॥

The Surya, sun situated {1 Yug = 12,000 years, 1 Sahastra = 1000, 1 Yojan = 8 Miles, (Yug x Sahastra x Yojan) = 12,000×1,000×8 miles = 96,000,000 miles (1 mile = 1.6 km) 96,000,000 miles = 96,000,000×1.6 km = 153,600,000 km} 153,600,000 km from the earth, was swallowed by you after you assumed him to be a sweet fruit. (Distance form Sun to Earth exactly calculated – This is another proof that Indian Sages had immense knowledge about Astronomy much before modern scientist discovered them) 

Though Hanuman does not end up swallowing the Surya in Valmiki’s Ramayana, the narrative is referred to by Tulsidas in the Vinayapatrika.] Rambhadracharya ascribes the differences in the narration by Valmiki and Tulsidas to the difference in the Kalpas.

Devanagari
प्रभु मुद्रिका मेलि मुख माहीं।
जलधि लाँघि गये अचरज नाहीं॥ १९ ॥

Hunterian
prabhu mudrikā meli mukha māhī।
jaladhi lāghi gaye acharaja nāhī॥ 19 ॥

O Lord, placing the ring given by Rama in your mouth, you leaped across the ocean – there is no wonder here.

Devanagari
दुर्गम काज जगत के जेते ।
सुगम अनुग्रह तुम्हरे तेते॥ २० ॥

Hunterian
durgama kāja jagata ke jete।
sugama anugraha tumhare tete॥ 20 ॥

All the unattainable tasks in the world become easily attainable with your grace.

Devanagari
राम दुआरे तुम रखवारे।
होत न आज्ञा बिनु पैसारे॥ २१ ॥

Hunterian
rāma duāre tuma rakhavāre।
hota na āgyā binu paisāre॥ 21 ॥

You are the doorkeeper and protector of the door to Rama’s court. Without your command, nobody can enter the abode of Rama.

Rambhadracharya explains paisāre as the Tadbhava form of Sanskrit padasāra.

Devanagari
सब सुख लहै तुम्हारी शरना।
तुम रक्षक काहू को डरना॥ २२ ॥

Hunterian
saba sukha lahai tumhārī saranā।
tuma rakshaka kāhū ko daranā॥ 22 ॥

Once in your refuge, a Sādhaka obtains all the pleasures. You are the protector, and there is nothing to be afraid of.

Devanagari
आपन तेज सम्हारो आपै।
तीनौं लोक हाँक ते काँपे॥ २३ ॥

Hunterian
āpana teja samhāro āpai।
tinau loka hāka te kāpai॥ 23 ॥

When you roar, after remembering your powers, the three worlds tremble with fear.

Rambhadracharya comments that this verse refers to the narrative of Jambavan reminding Hanuman of his powers in the Kishkindha Kanda of Ramayana.

Devanagari
भूत पिशाच निकट नहिं आवै।
महाबीर जब नाम सुनावै॥ २४ ॥

Hunterian
bhūta pishācha nikata nahi āvai।
mahābīra jaba nāma sunāvai॥ 24 ॥

Evil spirits (bhūta) and meat-eating ghosts (pishācha) do not come near those chant the Mahāvira name of yours.

Devanagari
नासै रोग हरै सब पीरा।
जपत निरंतर हनुमत बीरा॥ २५ ॥

Hunterian
nāsai roga harai saba pīrā।
japata nirantara hanumata bīrā॥ 25 ॥

The brave Hanuman, when invoked incessantly by the means of Japa, destroys all ailments and removes all sufferings.

Devanagari
संकट तें हनुमान छुड़ावै।
मन क्रम बचन ध्यान जो लावै॥ २६ ॥

Hunterian
sankata te hanumāna chhudāvai।
mana krama bachana dhyāna jo lāvai॥ 26 ॥

Hanuman extricates those from all adversities who remember him (or contemplate upon him) in their heart, by their actions and by their words.

Devanagari
सब पर राम तपस्वी राजा।
तिन के काज सकल तुम साजा॥ २७ ॥

Hunterian
saba para rāma tapasvī rājā।
tina ke kāja sakala tuma sājā॥ 27 ॥

Rama is the supreme God and a king with Tapas, and yet you executed all his tasks.

Rambhadracharya explains that the word saba para is from Sanskrit sarvapara, meaning supreme. A variant reading of this verse is sabapara rāma rāya siratājā, on which Rambhadracharya’s commentary says Rama is the supreme God and king of kings.

Devanagari
और मनोरथ जो कोई लावै।
सोहि अमित जीवन फल पावै॥ २८ ॥

Hunterian
aura manoratha jo koī lāvai।
Sohi amita jīvana phala pāvai॥ 28 ॥

And whoever comes to you with any wish, that wish is fulfilled beyond limits (literally, “they obtain the unlimited fruit of the wish”) in this very birth.

A variant reading is soī amita jīvana phala pāvai.

Devanagari
चारों जुग परताप तुम्हारा।
है परसिद्ध जगत उजियारा॥ २९ ॥

Hunterian
chāro juga para tāpa tumhārā।
hai parasiddha jagata ujiyyārā॥ 29 ॥

Your glory is famous in all the four Yugas, and illuminates the whole world.

Rambharacharya adds that this verse refers to the immortality of Hanuman, as four cycles of the four Yugas are believed to have passed since the Avatar of Rama.

Devanagari
साधु संत के तुम रखवारे।
असुर निकंदन राम दुलारे॥ ३० ॥

Hunterian
sādhu santa ke tuma rakhavāre।
asura nikandana rāma dulāre॥ 30 ॥

You are the protector of Sadhus (good people or ascetics) and Sants (saints). You are the destroyer of demons and dear as a son to Rama.

Rambhadracharya interprets the word sādhu as Bhaktas who are performing sādhanā and the word santa as Bhaktas whose sādhanā is complete.

Devanagari
अष्ट सिद्धि नौ निधि के दाता।
अस बर दीन्ह जानकी माता॥ ३१ ॥

Hunterian
ashta siddhi nau nidhi ke dātā।
asa bara dīnha jānakī mātā॥ 31 ॥

You are the bestower the eight Siddhis (supernatural powers named Aṇimā, Garimā, Mahimā, Laghimā, Prāpti, Prākāmya, Īśitva, and Vaśitva) and the nine Nidhis (divine treasures named Mahāpadma, Padma, Śaṅkha, Makara, Kacchapa, Mukunda, Kunda, Nīla and Kharva). Mother Sita, the daughter of Janaka, has granted you this boon.

Devanagari
राम रसायन तुम्हरे पासा।
सदा रहो रघुपति के दासा॥ ३२ ॥

Hunterian
rāma rasāyana tumhare pāsā।
sadā raho raghupati ke dāsā॥ 32 ॥

You have the treasure of Rama’s Bhakti (rāma rasāyana) with you. You are, respectfully, the servant of Raghupati (Shri Raam).

Rambhadracharya explains the term rāma rasāyana in two ways –

  1. The treasure of love (Bhakti) towards Rama, with rasa meaning devotion and āyana meaning repository
  2. The abode of devotion to Rama (i.e. Ramāyana), with rasa meaning devotion and āyana meaning a house or edifice

The second half has variant readings including sadā raho and sādara tuma instead of sādara ho

Devanagari
तुम्हरे भजन राम को पावै।
जनम जनम के दुख बिसरावै॥ ३३ ॥

Hunterian
tumhare bhajana rāma ko pāvai।
janama janama ke dukha bisarāvai॥ 33 ॥

Singing of you (Hanuman), a Bhakta obtains Rama and forgets the adversities and afflictions of many births.

Rambhadracharya explains using verses from Ramcharitmanas and Kavitavali, that as per Tulsidas Jñāna and Vairāgya are the two means to obtain Rama, and Hanuman is both Jñāna and Vairāgya incarnate. Hence serving Hanuman leads to Rama.

Devanagari
अंत काल रघुबर पुर जाई।
जहाँ जन्म हरिभक्त कहाई॥ ३४ ॥

Hunterian
anta kāla raghubara pura jāī।
jahā janma hari bhakta kahāī॥ 34 ॥

As a result of devotion to you, a Bhakta goes to Sāketa Loka (raghubara pura) at the time of their end (physical death). Once the Bhakta reaches Sāketa, wherever they take birth, they are known as the Bhaktas of Hari.

Rambhadracharya interprets this verse to mean that the Bhakta, even discards the blissful Moksha to take birth again in this world as a devotee of Hari, as Tulsidas says in the fourth book of Ramcharitmanas.

Devanagari
और देवता चित्त न धरई।
हनुमत सेइ सर्व सुख करई॥ ३५ ॥

Hunterian
aura devatā chitta na dharaī।
hanumata sei sarba sukha karaī॥ 35 ॥

Even one who does not contemplate on any other Devatas in their mind and only serves Hanuman, achieves all favourable bliss in this world and the next.

Rambhadracharya explains that as per Bhagavad Gita, only Devatas can grant the desired results of actions, but even if one serves Hanuman and no other Devata, they obtain all worldly and other-worldly bliss.

Devanagari
संकट कटै मिटै सब पीरा।
जो सुमिरै हनुमत बलबीरा॥ ३६ ॥

Hunterian
sankata katai mitai saba pīrā।
jo sumirai hanumata balabīrā॥ 36 ॥

Whoever remembers the brave and mighty Hanuman gets free of all adversities and relief from all pains.

Devanagari
जय जय जय हनुमान गोसाईं।
कृपा करहु गुरुदेव की नाईं॥ ३७ ॥

Hunterian
jaya jaya jaya hanumāna gusāī।
kripā karahu gurudeva kī nāī॥ 37 ॥

O Hanuman, the master of senses, may you be victorious, may you be victorious, may you be victorious. May you shower your grace lovingly, as a Guru does, and reveal to me the knowledge of devotion to Rama.

Rambhadracharya interprets the three utterances of jaya to mean that Hanuman is sat-cit-ānanda.

Devanagari
जो शत बार पाठ कर कोई।
छूटहि बंदि महा सुख होई॥ ३८ ॥

Hunterian
jo shata bāra pātha kara koī।
chhūtahi bandi mahā sukha hoī॥ 38 ॥

One who recites Hanuman Chalisa a hundred times (or for hundred days) is released from bondage and obtains great bliss”.

Rambhadracharya interprets shata as standing for the number 108 and bāra (Sanskrit vāra) to mean a day. He explains the words to mean that one who recites the Hanuman Chalisa 108 times daily for 108 days will be released from the bondages of this world and the next, and will obtain great bliss.

Devanagari
जो यह पढ़ै हनुमान चालीसा।
होय सिद्धि साखी गौरीसा॥ ३९ ॥

Hunterian
jo yaha parhai hanumāna chālīsā।
hoya siddha sākhī gaurīsā॥ 39 ॥

One who reads this Hanuman Chalisa obtains Siddhi (accomplishment or liberation). Shiva himself bears witness to this statement.

Rao and Mehta explain this as “One who reads Hanuman Chalisa attains siddhis of God Shiva and becomes his friend.”

Devanagari
तुलसीदास सदा हरि चेरा।
कीजै नाथ हृदय महँ डेरा॥ ४० ॥

Hunterian
tulasīdāsa sadā hari cherā।
kījai nātha hridaya maha derā॥ 40 ॥

Tulsidas is always a devotee of Hari. O Lord, make my heart your abode.

Rambhadracharya offers three explanations for this verse in accordance with three different Anvayas (connection of words)

  1. O Hanuman, the lord of Vanaras, you are always in the service of Hari (Rama), may you reside in the heart of Tulsidas.
  2. Tulsidas says O Lord Hanuman, may you ever reside in the heart of the devotees who serve Hari (Rama).
  3. Tulsidas is ever the servant of Hari (Hanuman, as Hari also means Vanara in Sanskrit), may you reside in my heart.

Chopai – Concluding Doha

Devanagari

पवनतनय संकट हरन मंगल मूरति रूप।
राम लखन सीता सहित हृदय बसहु सुर भूप॥

Hunterian
pavantanaya sankata harana mangala mūrati rūpa।
rāma lakhan sītā sahita hridaya basahu sura bhūpa॥

O Son of Vāyu, remover of adversities, one with an auspicious form, and the chief among all Devas, may you reside in our hearts along with Rama, Lakshman and Sita.

Rambhadracharya explains that Tulsidas addresses Hanuman with four adjectives in this final verse to indicate that Hanuman helps cleanse the mind (Manas), intellect (Buddhi), heart (Citta) and ego (Ahaṅkāra), and by asking him to reside in the heart of the devotee, Tulsidas ends the work by implying that the refuge of Hanuman is the supreme pursuit.

Review

Swami Karpatri considered Hanuman Chalisa to be a supreme Pramana, omnipotent and capable of fulfilling all wishes, like the Vedic Mantras. Rambhadracharya called it full of auspiciousness and a jewel amongst Stotras, and said that he had witnessed and heard of many instances where the wishes of people reciting the Chalisa with faith were granted.

In popular culture

The Hanuman Chalisa is recited by millions of Hindus every day, and most practicing Hindus in India know its text by heart. The work is known to popular among people from diverse educational, social, linguistic, musical, and geographical groups.

 

JAI SHRI RAM !!!

Dedicated to all Buzy People

 

Nice lines by Sri Javed Akhtar Sahab.

 

ज़िन्दगी के इस कश्मकश मैं
वैसे तो मैं भी काफ़ी बिजी हुँ
लेकिन वक़्त का बहाना बना कर
अपनों को भूल जाना मुझे आज भी नहीं आता !

जहाँ यार याद न आए वो तन्हाई किस काम की
बिगड़े रिश्ते न बने तो खुदाई किस काम की,
बेशक अपनी मंज़िल तक जाना है

पर जहाँ से अपने ना दिखे
_वो ऊंचाई किस काम की !!!

 

Javed Akthar

Bills Gates Speech

 

BILL Gates’ SPEECH TO MT. WHITNEY HIGH SCHOOL,Visalia, California.

Worthwhile reading for anyone. Love him or hate him, he sure hits the nail on the head with this! To anyone with kids of any age, or anyone who has ever been a kid, here’s some advice Bill Gates   recently dished out at a high  school speech about 11 things they did not and will not learn in school. He talks about how feel-good, politically correct teachings created a generation of kids with no concept of reality and how this concept set them up for failure in the real world.

Rule 1:     Life is not fair – get used to it

Rule 2:    The world won’t care about your self-esteem. The world will expect you to accomplish something BEFORE you feel good about yourself.

Rule 3:    You will NOT make $40,000 a year right out of high school. You won’t be a vice-president with a car phone until you earn both.

Rule 4:    If you think your teacher is tough, wait till you get a boss.

Rule 5:    Flipping burgers is not beneath your dignity. Your   grandparents had a different word for burger flipping-they called it  opportunity.

Rule 6:    If you mess up, it’s not your parents’ fault, so don’t whine about your mistakes, learn from them.

Rule 7:    Before you were born, your parents weren’t as boring  as they are now. They got that way from paying your bills,cleaning your clothes and listening to you talk about how cool you are. So before you save the rain forest from the parasites of ur parents’ generation, try delousing the closet in your own room.

Rule 8:    Your school may have done away with winners and losers, but life has not. In some schools, they have abolished failing grades and they’ll give you as many times as you want to get the right answer. This doesn’t bear the slightest resemblance to ANYTHING in real life.

Rule 9:    Life is not divided into semesters. You don’t get summers off and very few  employers are interested in helping you find yourself. Do that on your own time.

Rule 10:  Television is NOT real life. In real life people actually have to leave the coffee shop and go to jobs.

Rule 11:  Be nice to nerds. Chances are you’ll end up working for one.

 

“A t t i t u d e” a true definition

The first day of school our professor introduced himself and challenged us to
get to know someone we didn’t already know. I stood up to look around when a
gentle hand touched my shoulder. I turned around to find a wrinkled, little
old lady beaming up at me with a smile that lit up her entire being.

She said, “Hi handsome. My name is Rose. I’m eighty – seven years old. Can I
give you a hug?”

I laughed and enthusiastically responded, “Of course you may!” and she gave
me a giant squeeze.

“Why are you in college at such a young, innocent age?” I asked.
She jokingly replied, “I’m here to meet a rich husband, get married, have a
couple of children, and then retire and travel.”

“No seriously,” I asked. I was curious what may have motivated her to be
taking on this challenge at her age. “I always dreamed of having a college
education and now I’m getting one!” she told me.

After class we walked to the student union building and shared a chocolate
milkshake. We became instant friends. Every day for the next three months we
would leave class together and talk nonstop. I was always mesmerized
listening to this “time machine” as she shared her wisdom and experience with
me.

Over the course of the year, Rose became a campus icon and she easily
made friends wherever she went. She loved to dress up and she reveled in the
attention bestowed upon her from the other students. She was living it up. At
the end of the semester we invited Rose to speak at our football banquet.
I’ll never forget what she taught us. She was introduced and stepped up to
the podium. As she began to deliver her prepared speech, she dropped her
three by five cards on the floor. Frustrated and a little embarrassed she
leaned into the microphone and simply said “I’m sorry I’m so jittery. I gave
up beer for Lent and this whiskey is killing me! I’ll never get my speech
back in order so let me just tell you what I know.”

As we laughed she cleared her throat and began: “We do not stop playing
because we are old; we grow old because we stop playing. There are only four
secrets to staying young, being happy, and achieving success:

  1. “You have to laugh and find humor every day.”
  2. “You’ve got to have a dream. When you lose your dreams, you die. We have
    so many people walking around who are dead and don’t even know it!”
  3. “There is a huge difference between growing older and growing up. If you
    are nineteen years old and lie in bed for one full year and don’t do one
    productive thing, you will turn twenty years old. If I am eighty-seven
       years old and stay in bed for a year and never do anything I will turn
       eighty-eight. Anybody can grow older. That doesn’t take any talent or
       ability. The idea is to grow up by always finding the opportunity in
       change.”
  4. “Have no regrets. The elderly usually don’t have regrets for what we did,
    but rather for things we did not do. The only people who fear death are
    those with regrets.” She concluded her speech by courageously singing “The
       Rose.”

She challenged each of us to study the lyrics and live them out in our daily
lives. At the year’s end Rose finished the college degree she had begun all
those years ago.

One week after graduation Rose died peacefully in her sleep. Over two
thousand college students attended her funeral in tribute to the wonderful
woman who taught by example that it’s never too late to be all you can
possibly be.

If at 87 one can dream and achieve …… Why not us…. our designers…..

our dealers …….our salesmen….. our mechanics…..

and reach  back to No 1 POSITION……

If you read this, please send this peaceful word of advice to your friends
and family, they’ll really enjoy it!

GROWING OLDER IS MANDATORY, GROWING UP IS OPTIONAL

 

(Source: Online Mags)

Education in India !!!

 

I NEVER KNEW THIS ABOUT JAPAN … ??

Some very good and interesting points.. Read it till the end.

1 – Did you know that Japanese children clean their schools every day for a quarter of an hour with teachers which has led to the emergence of a Japanese generation who is modest and keen on cleanliness.

2 – Did you know that any Japanese citizen who has a dog must carry a special bags to pick up dog droppings. Hygiene and their eagerness to address cleanliness is part of Japanese ethics.

3 – Did you know that hygiene worker in Japan is called “health engineer” and can command salary of USD 5000 to 8000 per month, and a cleaner is subjected to written and oral tests!!

4 – Did you know that Japan does not have any natural resources, and they are exposed to hundreds of earthquakes a year, but it did not prevent her from becoming the fourth largest economy in the world.

5 – Did you know that Hiroshima returned to what it was, economically vibrant before the fall of the atomic bomb in just ten years.

6 – Did you know that Japan prevents the use of mobiles in trains and restaurants.

7 – Did you know that in Japan , students from the first to sixth primary years must learn ethics in dealing with people.

8 – Did you know that the Japanese, even though they are one of the richest people in the world, do not have servants and the parents are responsible for the house and children.

9 – Did you know that there is no examination from the first to the third primary level; because the goal of education is to instill concepts and character building, not just examination and indoctrination. –

10 – Did you know that if you go to a buffet restaurant in Japan you will notice people only eat as much as they need without any waste. No wasteful food.

11 – Did you know that the rate of delayed trains in Japan is about 7 seconds per year!!
They appreciate the value of time, very punctual to minutes and seconds

12 -. Did you know that children brush their teeth after a meal at school; They maintain their health from an early age.

13 – Did you know that students take half an hour to finish their meals to ensure right digestion. When asked about this concern, they said: These students are the future of Japan

Do Share please as all Should learn about these good points …….

 

(from www)

Charity wrapped in Dignity!

 

She asked him, “How much are you selling the eggs for?”

The old seller replied to her, “Rs.5/- for one egg, Madam.”

She said to him, “I will take 6 eggs for Rs.25/- or I will leave.”

The old seller replied, “Come take them at the price you want. May God bless us, and maybe this is a good beginning because I have not yet sold to anyone.”

She took it and walked away feeling she has won. She got into her fancy car and went to pick her friend, and invited her to a restaurant.

She and her friend sat down and ordered what they like. They ate a little and left a lot of what they ordered.

Then she went to pay the bill. The bill was Rs.1,200/-. She gave him Rs. 1,300/- and said to the owner of the restaurant: “Keep the change.”

This story may seem normal to the owner of the restaurant. But it is very painful for the eggs’ seller.

The bottom line is:

Why do we always show that we have the power when we buy from the needy and the poor?

And we are generous with those who do not need our generosity ?

Every time a poor child comes to me to sell something simple, I remember a tweet from the son of a rich man who said, “After every prayer my father used to buy simple goods for very expensive prices, even though he did not need them. Sometimes he used to pay more for them. I used to get concerned by this act and I told him about it. Then my father told me: ‘It is a charity wrapped with dignity, my son.'”

Compare these two stories of social hypocrisy.

The first one is disappointing and the second one is inspiring.

May God enlighten our vision. 🙏

(Source: email fwd’s)

Cycling vs McDonald

 

A Cyclist – is a disaster for the economy:

1. He does not buy the car and does not take a car loan.

2. Does not buy vehicle insurance.

3. Does not buy fuel.

4. Does not use the services of repair shops and car washes.

5. Does not use paid parking.

6. Does not become obese.

7. Yes, and well, dammit ! Healthy people are not needed for the economy. They do not buy drugs. They do not go to private doctors.

They do not increase the country’s GDP !

On the contrary, every new McDonald’s outlet creates 30 jobs:
10 Dentists, 10 Cardiologists and 10 Weight Loss Experts.

So, what do you prefer- Cycling or McDonald?

Science of Sleep

Sleep is a naturally recurring state of mind and body, characterized by altered consciousness, relatively inhibited sensory activity, inhibition of nearly all voluntary muscles, and reduced interactions with surroundings.[ It is distinguished from wakefulness by a decreased ability to react to stimuli, but is more easily reversed than the state of being comatose. Sleep occurs in repeating periods, in which the body alternates between two distinct modes known as non-REM and REM sleep. Although REM stands for “rapid eye movement”, this mode of sleep has many other aspects, including virtual paralysis of the body. A well-known feature of sleep is the dream, an experience typically recounted in narrative form, which resembles waking life while in progress, but which usually can later be distinguished as fantasy.

During sleep, most of the body’s systems are in an anabolic state, helping to restore the immune, nervous, skeletal, and muscular systems; these are vital processes that maintain mood, memory, and cognitive performance, and play a large role in the function of the endocrine and immune systems. The internal circadian clock promotes sleep daily at night. The diverse purposes and mechanisms of sleep are the subject of substantial ongoing research. The advent of artificial light has substantially altered sleep timing in industrialized countries.

Is there a best time to sleep? There is a saying that sleeping early and waking up early is good for your health. How true is that? Is it alright to sleep late and wake up late?

You actually have an amazing biological clock ticking inside your body (Circadian Rhythm) . It is very precise. It helps to regulate your various body functions including your sleeping time.

 

From 11pm to 3am, most of your blood circulation concentrates in your liver. Your liver gets larger when filled with more blood. This is an important time when your body undergoes detoxification process. Your liver neutralizes and breaks down body toxins accumulated throughout the day.

However if you don’t sleep at this time, your liver cannot carry out this detoxification process smoothly.

· If you sleep at 11pm, you have full 4 hours to detoxify your body.
· If you sleep at 12am, you have 3 hours.
· If you sleep at 1am, you have 2 hours.
· And if you sleep at 2am, you only have 1 Hr to detoxify.
What if you sleep after 3am? Unfortunately, you won’t have any time to actually detoxify your body. If you continue with this sleeping pattern, these toxins will accumulate in your body over time. You know what happens next.

What if you sleep late and wake up late?

Have you tried going to bed very late at night? Did you realize you feel very tired the next day no matter how much you sleep ?

Sleeping late and waking up late is indeed very bad for your health. Besides not having enough time to detoxify your body, you will miss out other important body functions too.

From 3am to 5am, most blood circulation concentrates in your lung. What should you do at this moment? Well, you should exercise and breathe in fresh air. Take in good energy into your body, preferably in a garden. At this time, the air is very fresh with lots of beneficial negative ions.

From 5am to 7am, most blood circulation concentrates in your large intestine. What should you do at this moment? You should poop! Pass out all unwanted poop from your large intestine. Prepare your body to absorb more nutrients throughout the day.

From 7am to 9am, most blood circulation concentrates in your stomach. What should you do at this moment? Have your breakfast! This is your most important meal in a day. Make sure you have all the required nutrients from your breakfast. Not having breakfast causes lots of health problems for you in the future.

That’s the way to start your day

No wonder people living in villages or in farms are healthier. They sleep early and wake up early as they follow their natural biological clock.

If one follows this you’re sure to feel fresher and more energetic all day long.

PLEASE PASS THIS ON TO OUR YOUNGER GENERATION THEY NEED TO KNOW THESE FACTS !!!
Good morning

(Source : www)

TIME: The last wishes of Alexander the Great………

 

On his death bed, Alexander summoned his army generals and told them his three ultimate  wishes:

1. The best doctors should carry his coffin …

2. The wealth he has accumulated (money, gold, precious stones) should be scattered along the procession to the cemetery …

3. His hands should be let loose, so they hang outside the coffin for all to see !!

One of his generals who was surprised by these unusual requests asked Alexander to explain .
Here is what Alexander the Great had to say :

1. “I want the best doctors to carry my coffin to demonstrate that in the face of death , even the best doctors in the world have no power to heal ..”

2. “I want the road to be covered with my treasure so that everybody sees that material wealth acquired on earth , will stay on earth..”

3. I want my hands to swing in the wind, so that people understand that we come to this world empty handed and we leave this world empty handed after the most precious treasure of all is exhausted, and that is : TIME.

We do not take to our grave any material wealth. TIME is our most precious treasure because it is LIMITED. We can produce more wealth, but we cannot produce more time.

When we give someone our time, we actually give a portion of our life that we will never take back . Our time is our life !

The best present that you can give someone is your TIME.

May God grant YOU plenty of TIME, to share with all.
We all forward jokes and other messages…please forward/share this message to all your friends and request them to forward/share it to their friends too.

Please every living person should read this.

 

(Source: Online Mags)

Work Appreciation

 

My request is that please read this and get your children also read it.

One young man went to apply for a managerial position in a big company.

He passed the initial interview, and now would meet the director for the final interview.

The director discovered from his CV that the youth’s academic achievements were excellent.

He asked, Did you obtain any scholarships in school…?
the youth answered “NO”.

Who paid for your school fees…?
” Parents “, he replied.

“Where did they work……?”

“They worked as clothes cleaner.”

The director requested the youth to show his hands.
The youth showed a pair of hands that were smooth and perfect.

“Have you ever helped your parents wash the clothes ?”

“Never, my parents always wanted me to study and read more books.
Besides, my parents can wash clothes faster than me.

The director said, “I have a request.

When you go home today, go and clean your parents hands, and then see me tomorrow morning.

The youth felt dejected.
When he went back home, he asked his parents to let him clean their hands.
His parents felt strange, happy but with mixed feelings,
They showed their hands to their son.

The youth cleaned their hands slowly.
His tear fell as he did that.
It was the first time he noticed that his parents hands were so wrinkled, and there were so many bruises in their hands.

Some bruises were so painful that they winced when he touched it.

This was the first time the youth realized that it was this pair of hands that washed the clothes everyday to enable him to pay the school fees.

The bruises in the hands were the price that the parents had to pay for his education, his school activities and his future.

After cleaning his parents hands, the youth quietly washed all the remaining clothes for them.

That night, parents and son talked for a very long time.

Next morning, the youth went to the director’s office.

The Director noticed the tears in the youth’s eyes, when he asked:

“Can you tell me what have you done and learned yesterday in your house….?”

The youth answered,
I cleaned my parents hand, and also finished cleaning all the remaining clothes’

“I now know what appreciation is. Without my parents, I would not be who I am today…

By helping my parents, only now do I realize how difficult and tough it is to get something done on your own And I have come to appreciate the importance and value of helping one’s family.

The director said,
“This is what I am looking for in a manager. I want to recruit a person who can appreciate the help of others, a person who knows the sufferings of others to get things done, and a person who would not put money as his only goal in life.”

“You are hired.”

A child, who has been protected and habitually given whatever he wanted, would develop an “entitlement mentality” and would always put himself first.

He would be ignorant of his parent’s efforts.

If we are this kind of protective parents, are we really showing love or are we destroying our children instead…?

You can let your child live in a big house, eat a good meal, learn piano, watch on a big screen TV.

But when you are cutting grass, please let them experience it.

After a meal, let them wash their plates and bowls together with their brothers and sisters.

It is not because you do not have money to hire a maid, but it is because you want to love them in a right way.

You want them to understand, no matter how rich their parents are, one day their hair will grow grey, same as the parent of that young person.

The most important thing is your child learns how to appreciate the effort and experience the difficulty and learns the ability to work with others to get things done…

Try to forward this story to as many as possible…this may change somebody’s fate.

This will also change someone’s attitude

Blessings..!!!

 

(Source: www)

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