उम्र की ऐसी की तैसी…!

Lockdown Special poem by Gulzar Sahab

Gulzar shayari || Gulzar poetry in hindi || (Hindi shayari)

Bewajah Ghar Se Nikalne Ki Zarurat Kya Hai,

Maut Se Aakhen Milane Ki Zarurat Kya Hai !!

Sabko Maloom Hai Bahar Ki Hawa Hai Kaatil ,

Yuhi Kaatil Se Ulajhne Ki Zarurat Kya Hai !!

Zindagi Ek Neemat Hai, Use Sambhal Ke Rakh,

Kabragahon Ko Sajane Ki Zarurat Kya Hai !!

Dil Behelane Ke Liye Ghar Me Wazah Hai Kafi ,

Yuhi Galiyon Me Bhatakne Ki Zarurat Kya Hai !!

Stay Home , Stay Safe !!

Mother Earth is Healing – A Wonderful write up by Vivienne in Spain

Healing Mother Earth - a poem by artyjules - All Poetry

The earth whispered but you did not hear.

The earth spoke but you did not listen

The earth screamed but you turned her off.

And so I was born…I was not born to punish you…I was born to awaken you…

The earth cried out for help…Massive flooding..But you didn’t listen.

Burning fires. But you didn’t listen.

Strong hurricanes. But you didn’t listen.

Terrifying Tornadoes. But you didn’t listen.

You still don’t listen to the earth when.

Ocean animals are dying due to pollutants in the waters.

Glaciers melting at an alarming rate.

Severe drought…You didn’t listen to how much negativity the earth is receiving.

Non-stop wars.

Non-stop greed.

You just kept going on with your life..

No matter how much hate there was..

No matter how many killings daily..

It was more important to get that latest iPhone than worry about what the earth was trying to tell you..

But now I am here.

And I’ve made the world stop in its tracks.

I’ve made YOU finally listen.

I’ve made you take refuge.

I’ve made you stop thinking about materialistic things..

Now you are like the earth…

You are only worried about YOUR survival.

How does that feel ?

I give you fever.. as the fires burn on earth.

I give you respiratory issues.. as pollution filled the earth’s air.

I give you weakness as the earth weakens every day.

I took away your comforts..

Your outings.

The things you would use to forget about the planet and its pain.

And I made the world stop..

And now…

China has better air quality…Skys are clear blue because factories are not spewing pollution unto the earth’s air.

The water in Venice is clean and Because the gondola boats that pollute the water are not being used.

YOU are having to take time to reflect on what is important in your life.

Again I am not here to punish you.. I am here to Awaken you..

When all this is over and I am gone… Please remember these moments..

Listen to the earth.

Listen to your soul.

Stop Polluting the earth.

Stop Fighting amongst each other.

Stop caring about materialistic things.

And start loving your neighbours.

Start caring about the earth and all its creatures.

Start believing in a Creator.

Because next time I may come back even stronger…

Signed

Yours faithfully

Coronavirus..

And next time don’t know how long you will survive.

News - Diocese of Hamilton

Source: Internet / whatsapp


Lessons learnt from Covid-19 Pandemic

Coronavirus (COVID-19): Prevention & Safety Information for ...

Editor’s note: A supposed “open letter from Bill Gates,” the tech billionaire and philanthropist, has been bouncing all over the internet since at least March 23. The letter — titled “What is the Corona/Covid-19 virus really teaching us?” — is a fake. Gates did not write it. But there’s a reason it has gone viral. It’s pretty terrific. We’d like to share it with you here, with our thanks to Anonymous.

Beautiful message from Mr Bill Gates:

Subject:
What is the Corona/ Covid-19 Virus Really Teaching us ?

I’m a strong believer that there is a spiritual purpose behind everything that happens, whether that is what we perceive as being good or being bad.

As I meditate upon this, I want to share with you what I feel the Corona/ Covid-19 virus is really doing to us:

1) It is reminding us that we are all equal, regardless of our culture, religion, occupation, financial situation or how famous we are. This disease treats us all equally, perhaps we should to. If you don’t believe me, just ask Tom Hanks.

2) It is reminding us that we are all connected and something that affects one person has an effect on another. It is reminding us that the false borders that we have put up have little value as this virus does not need a passport. It is reminding us, by oppressing us for a short time, of those in this world whose whole life is spent in oppression.

3) It is reminding us of how precious our health is and how we have moved to neglect it through eating nutrient poor manufactured food and drinking water that is contaminated with chemicals upon chemicals. If we don’t look after our health, we will, of course, get sick.

4) It is reminding us of the shortness of life and of what is most important for us to do, which is to help each other, especially those who are old or sick. Our purpose is not to buy toilet roll.

5) It is reminding us of how materialistic our society has become and how, when in times of difficulty, we remember that it’s the essentials that we need (food, water, medicine) as opposed to the luxuries that we sometimes unnecessarily give value to.

6) It is reminding us of how important our family and home life is and how much we have neglected this. It is forcing us back into our houses so we can rebuild them into our home and to strengthen our family unit.

7) It is reminding us that our true work is not our job, that is what we do, not what we were created to do. Our true work is to look after each other, to protect each other and to be of benefit to one another.

8) It is reminding us to keep our egos in check. It is reminding us that no matter how great we think we are or how great others think we are, a virus can bring our world to a standstill.

9) It is reminding us that the power of freewill is in our hands. We can choose to cooperate and help each other, to share, to give, to help and to support each other or we can choose to be selfish, to hoard, to look after only our self. Indeed, it is difficulties that bring out our true colors.

10) It is reminding us that we can be patient, or we can panic. We can either understand that this type of situation has happened many times before in history and will pass, or we can panic and see it as the end of the world and, consequently, cause ourselves more harm than good.

11) It is reminding us that this can either be an end or a new beginning. This can be a time of reflection and understanding, where we learn from our mistakes, or it can be the start of a cycle which will continue until we finally learn the lesson we are meant to.

12) It is reminding us that this Earth is sick. It is reminding us that we need to look at the rate of deforestation just as urgently as we look at the speed at which toilet rolls are disappearing off of shelves. We are sick because our home is sick.

13) It is reminding us that after every difficulty, there is always ease. Life is cyclical, and this is just a phase in this great cycle. We do not need to panic; this too shall pass.

14) Whereas many see the Corona/ Covid-19 virus as a great disaster, I prefer to see it as a great corrector

It is sent to remind us of the important lessons that we seem to have forgotten and it is up to us if we will learn them or not.

Heal The World - Lyrics and Music by Michael Jackson arranged by ...

Source: whatsapp forward.

AYURVEDA – AROMATHERAPY

The Science of Aromatherapy - Elemental

AROMATHERAPY

In Ayurvedic medicine the use of aromatic essences to therapeutic purpose is practiced a great deal. The essences are used in the preparation of oils for massage and diffused in the environment for their quality to influence body and mind. Little is the use of the essential oils for by inside, contrarily of the western Aromatherapy.

TO CHOOSE THE ESSENTIAL OILS ACCORDING TO THEIR CHARACTERISTICS

FOR THE SKIN

1) Antiseptic for cuts, punctures of bugs
sage-eucalyptus-tea tree-lavender-thyme-carnation-lemon

2) Anti-inflammatory for eczemas, infected wounds, swellings
camomile-lavender-yarrow

3) Fungicides for foot of athlete, candid
lavender-tea tree-myrrh-patchouli-marjoram

4) Stimulating of the fabric of granulation and cicatrizant for burns, cuts, scars
lavender-camomile-pink-neroli (flowers of orange tree)-incense-geranium-sandal-wood of rose

5) Deodorant for excessive perspiration, cleaning wounds
bergamot-sage-lavender-thyme-juniper-cypress-lemon grass

6) Insectifuges and parasiticides
hybrid lavender-geranium-citronella grass-eucalyptus-carnation-camphor-cedar of the atlas

CIRCULATION-MUSCLES-ARTICULATIONS

1) To make to go down the tension for cases of hypertension, palpitations
marjoram-ylang-ylang-lavender-lemon

2) To increase the tension for cases of circulatory insufficiency
rosemary-hybrid lavender-eucalyptus-mint-thyme

3) Equalizer of the tension:
hyssopus officinalis

4) Balmy and rubefacenti for pains, rheumatisms, muscular rigidity, sciatica, lumbagos
camphor-rosemary-marjoram-juniper-eucalyptus g.-niaouli-black pepper

5) Depurative and antitoxic for arthritis, gout, congestions
juniper-lemon-fennel

5) Stimulating lymphatic for cellulitis, obesity, water retention
grapefruit-lemon-files-mandarin (bland)-white birch tree

6) Tonic venous astringents for launch us and capillary
cypress-juniper-rosemary-yarrow-lemon-files-orange tree

RESPIRATORY

1) Expectorant for catarrh, sinusitis, cough, bronchitis
Eucalyptus g.-pine-thyme-myrrh-sandal-fennel

2) Antispasmodic for colics, dry cough, pertussis
hyssopus officinalis-cypress-cedar of the atlas-bergamot-camomile-cajeput

3) Balmy for cold, hits of cold, congestions
benzoin-incense-Tolù balm-Peru balm -myrrh

4) Respiratory antiseptic for influence, sore throat, tonsillitis
thyme-sage-eucalyptus g.-basil-pine-niaouli-cajeput-tea tree

DIGESTIVE

1) Spasms, pains, dyspepsia (troubles of the digestion)
Camomile-fennel-orange-mint-lemon balm

2) Carminative (anti-gas), flatulences, aerophagy, nauseas
angelic-basil-camomile-mint

3) Increases the bilious secretion and it stimulates the gallbladder
caraway-lavender-mint

4) For the liver: 
rosemary-lemon-mint

5) To stimulate the appetite:
anise-angelic-orange-ginger

SOOTHING

Soothing of the nervous system for exhaustion, anxiety, stress, insomnia, nervousness
orange-ylang ylang-sandal-lemon balm-jasmine-lavender-camomile-vetiver-patchouli-valerian

TO PERFUME AND TO DISINFECT THE ENVIRONMENT

To dilate the bellows and to favor the phlegm:
eucalyptus-mugo pine-niaouli (1 only or in association)

Anti-mosquitos:
basil-mint-citronella-eucalyptus citriodora

Anti-moths:
cedar-carnation-geranium (strengthened with lavender)

Against the odor of tobacco:
lemon-files-citronella-geranium-strawflower

For the bacteriological purification of the air:
lavender-pine-thyme-rosemary-bergamot-eucalyptus-niaouli

To help the concentration:
basil-mint-rosemary-cypress

Few drops are enough on a terracotta, on your poutpourri

Chapter 4: Top 18 Essential Oils on the Market – natrogix.com

MASSAGE

Vata Massage Oil Composition:

Base Oils: Sesame seed and Almond
Herbs: Ashwagandha root, Gotu Kola leaf, Chamomile flowers, Ginger root, Licorice Root, Shatavri root, and Dong Quai root
Essential Oils: Lavender, Clary Sage, Jatamansi, Vetiver

Pitta Massage Oil Composition:

Base Oils: Olive
Herbs: Gotu Kola leaf, Licorice Root, Fennel seed, Peppermint leaf
Essential Oils: Lavender, Peppermint, Jatamansi, Vetiver

Kapha Massage Oil Composition:

Base Oils: Almond
Herbs: Gotu Kola leaf, Ginger root
Essential Oils: Orange peel, Cedarwood, Clary Sage, Patchouli, Myrrh

Note: The information here brought have only an illustrative goal: they are not referable neither to prescriptions neither to medical suggestions

AYURVEDA – 3 Dhoshas – Part 2

Kapha, Pitta, Vata — What is your Dosha? - Akshi Yogashala - Medium

TROUBLES CAUSED BY VATA

  • blood from the nose
  • pain to the feet and the calves
  • insensibility to the legs
  • sciatica
  • atrophy of the inferior limbs
  • rectal prolapse
  • rigid joints, deformations of the backbone (hump etc.)
  • dwarfism
  • rigid jaw
  • fragile teeth
  • muteness
  • aphasia
  • dryness of the mouth
  • inability to the taste and the sense of smell
  • pain to the ears, deafness
  • all the pains to the head
  • facial paralysis
  • tremors and pangs
  • dryness and hardness of the skin (local or general)
  • insomnia
  • anxiety
  • depression and anguish
  • disturbed intelligence or limited
  • the hair’s loss 

TROUBLES CAUSED BY PITTA

  • fever, inflammations, feelings of local burning
  • acidity
  • excessive perspiration
  • marked bodily odors
  • cutaneous eruptions
  • jaundice
  • bitter taste in mouth
  • stomatitises
  • excessive thirst
  • insatiable appetite
  • eyes, urine, faeces of yellow / greenish color 

TROUBLES CAUSED BY KAPHA

  • satisfaction
  • idleness and increase of the sleep
  • heaviness of the body and the mind
  • sweet taste in mouth
  • increase of the oral secretions
  • big faeces
  • heaviness to the breast
  • tonsillitis
  • cervical adenitis
  • obesity
  • bad digestion
  • eyes, urines, faeces more white of the normal one

REMEDIES AND THERAPIES FOR VATA

  • massage with oil
  • Turkish bath, sauna, warm bath and similar
  • busy and active mind
  • alcoholic medicinal preparations
  • digestive
  • nourishing diet (well cooked, warm, greasy, liquid foods, from the sweet or acid or salty prevailing taste)
  • good humor

REMEDIES AND THERAPIES FOR PITTA

  • internal and external use of ghee (clarified butter)
  • light laxative
  • fresh diet (fresh foods, liquid foods, from the sweet or bitter or astringent prevailing taste)
  • cold bath
  • pleasant environment: fragrances of flowers, music, friends etc.
  • don’t sleep during the day

REMEDIES AND THERAPIES FOR KAPHA

  • strong laxative
  • light diet (warm, light, dry foods, from the spicy or bitter or astringent prevailing taste)
  • aged alcoholic drinks
  • dry massage (without oils or creams)
  • less sleep
  • sex
  • physical activity
  • emetic, honey and few comforts are essential

CHART OF THE CONSTITUTION

(PRAKṚTI)

 VATAPITTAKAPHA
Guna:SattvaRajasTamas
Origin:PranaTejasOjas
Power:MovementTransformationEstablishment
Kosham Involucre:Blessed MentalEnergetic IntellectualPhysical
Elements:Ether AirFire WaterWater Earth
Physical Structure:Not harmonic, too high or too low, prominent lineamentsBalancedHeavy, big, strong
Stature:Very high or very lowMedium, balancedLow
Bones:ThinModerateThick, large
Skin:Dry, rough, cold, with wrinklesSoft, warm, oily, sensitive, irritable, with frecklesSoft, smooth, soft, fresh, moist
Color:DarkRedPallid
Hair:Dry, rough, curly, brittleSoft, shiny, thin, fat, gray hair, baldnessFat, dark, dense, soft, wavy
Nails:Irregular, rough, brittleSoft, tender, flexibleBig, strong, regular, soft
Eyebrows:Thin, sparseMediumThick
Eyes:Small, sunken, with no brightnessMedium, bright, warm, redLarge, liquid, dark, sweet
Cheekbones:Asymmetric angularMediumLarge
Ears:Very small or very largeMedium, pointedLarge
Nose:Very small or very largeMediumHarmonious
Lips:Dry, crackedSoft, red, longPale, large, well-designed
Tongue:Small, darkMedium, RedLarge, bright
Teeth:IrregularRegular, weakRegular, white, strong
Neck:Long or shortMediumTaurinus
Shoulders:Narrow, smallAthleticRobust
Hips:NarrowMediumWide
Arms, legs:Small or longMediumMighty
Hands, feet:Small or longMediumBig
Joints:RigidLooseLarge, solid
Skin phototype:DarkMediumPale
Circulation:Low, variableGoodModerate
Appetite:VariableGoodGood, greedy, gluttonous
Thirst:VariableExcessiveLow
Sweating:LowAbundant, constantSlow to start, abundant
Feces:Dry, hardSoftThick, heavy
Urine:Low, clearAbundant, yellowModerate, clear
Digestion, Evacuation:IrregularExcellentSlow but good
Menses:IrregularRegularModerate
Sexual desire:VariableModerate, balancedIndifferent, slow to start
Sensitivity:Cold, dryness, windHeat, sunlight, fireCold, humidity
Immune function:Low, variableMedium, heat-sensitiveGood, high
Tendency to disease:PainFever, inflammationCongestion, edema
Type of disease:NervousBlood, liverLungs, phlegm
Activity:High, impatientModerateLow, slow
Physical strengthWeakNormalStrong
Resistance:Low, exhausted easilyMedium, concentratedHigh
Sleep:Irregular, scanty, sometimes deepModerate, easyDeep, prolonged
Dreams:Many, forgetsEnough, remembersMany, remembers
Language:Fast, prolixAcute, sharpSlow, poor
Thought:CreativeOrganizationalScheduling
Mind:Restless, active, theoretical, philosophicalPractical, rationalStable, slow, harmonious, calm
Memory:Good the recent, low the remoteAcute, clearSlow but steady
Emotionality:Uncertain, unpredictable, adaptableAggressive, revengeful, braveIndifferent, attacked, loving
Governs:Fear / Courage; Anxiety / Contentment; Nervousness / Calm; Pain / Pleasure; Relaxation / TensionHunger / Thirst; Weakness / Strength; Hot / Cold; Distraction / Attention; Jealousy / GenerosityLove / Hate; Desire / Indifference; Attachment / Detachment
Personality:Intelligent, light, wise, sensible, not concentrated, research spiritual developmentIntelligent, strong, intolerant, easily understood, do not forget, friendship for selfishQuiet, stable, happy, generous, austere, humble, tolerant
Temperament:Nervous, changeableMotivatedCalm, stable, generous
Social relationships:Knows many people, few close friendsSelective, create deep friendships, few enemiesLoyal, with many friendships
Faith:VariableStrong, determined, fanaticalFirm, slow to change
Economy:Tends to spend on triflesModerate, lavish spendingSaver, spends for food

DIETS

Ayurveda Dosha Diet - Food is one of the most important aspects of ...

Rasa (tastes)
* Diets for: Constitution VATA – Constitution PITTA – Constitution KAPHA
Physical exercise for the 3 dosha

To establish of what type of constitution we are and to establish a diet is good routine to address to an ayurvedic physician.


In this section the matter is treated in general line to better understand the principles and the techniques of Ayurveda.

The diet, being of primary importance, has a big consideration in ayurvedic medicine. In western country is given more importance to the quantity of calories of the food and the classification in fat, carbohydrates, proteins etc., with little consideration on the digestive ability of the consumer, on the season, on the mental state of the individual or on the equilibrium of the energies in body and mind. According to the ancient Indian medicine the diet is above all a tool of preservation of the state of health and prevention of illness. That’s why we cannot ignore these important factors that so heavily influence our psycophysic equilibrium.

Rasa (Tastes)

The Six Tastes in Ayurveda | Banyan Botanicals


SWEET –  RICE, PASTA, SUGAR, GHUR(SUGAR CANE), MILK, BUTTER, CARROTS, GRAPE, FIG, LIQUORICE

ACID – YOGURT, LEMON, VINEGAR, CHEESE, TOMATO

SALTY – SALT, TAMARI (SOYA SAUCE), SALTY PEANUTS, SEA ALGAS

SPICY – PEPPER, CAPSICUM, GINGER, GARLIC, ONION

BITTER – SPINACHES, CHICORY, GREEN VEGETABLES, TURMERIC, RHUBARB

ASTRINGENT – LEGUMES, KHAKI, ALL THE SOUR FRUIT, RAW HONEY

 ACTIVEPASSIVE
SWEETKAPHAVATA AND PITTA 
ACID KAPHA AND PITTAVATA
SALTYKAPHA AND PITTAVATA
SPICYPITTA AND VATAKAPHA
BITTERVATA KAPHA AND PITTA
ASTRINGENTVATA KAPHA AND PITTA
The Ayurvedic Home: Design For Your Dosha | The Aligned Life

VATA CONSTITUTION
 IN GENERAL TO FAVOR WELL COOKED, WARM, GREASY, LIQUID FOODS, FROM SWEET OR ACID OR SALTY PREVAILING TASTE

TO FAVOR THE CONSUMPTION OF:

CEREALS: Rice, Wheat in all its preparations, Oat (cooked)

DAIRY PRODUCE: Milk, Yogurt, Butter, Cheeses of cow

VEGETABLES: Tofu (soya cheese)

MEATS: Chicken, Turkey, Rabbit, blue Fish

VEGETABLES: Asparaguses, Avocado, Beets, Tomatoes, Carrots, Fennels

FRUIT: Fig trees, Raisin, Dates, Orange, Banana, Lemons, Pineapple, Mango, Peaches, Melon, Plums, Pear, Kiwi, Cherries

DRY FRUIT AND SEEDS: Almonds, Walnut-trees, Filberts, Sesam

SPICES AND AROMAS: Anise, Garlic, Basil, Cinnamon, Nails of carnation, Fennel, Sage, Ginger, Nutmeg, Rosemary, Saffron

FAT: Olive Oil, Butter, Tahin (sesam butter), Gee (clarified butter)

SWEETENERS: Sugar of cane, Honey (few)


TO REDUCE THE CONSUMPTION OF:

CEREALS: Bowline, Millet, Rye

DAIRY PRODUCE: Milk and cheeses of goat

MEATS: Steer, Calf, Pig

LEGUMES: Beans, Chick-peas

VEGETABLES: Cabbage, Eggplant, Lettuce, Broccolis, Potatoes, Peppers, Pumpkin

FRUIT: Sour and not sweet

SPICE: Turmeric and Capsicum

SWEETENERS: White Sugar

PITTA CONSTITUTION
TO FAVOR FRESH, LIQUID FOODS, FROM THE SWEET OR BITTER OR ASTRINGENT PREVAILING TASTE

TO FAVOR THE CONSUMPTION OF:

CEREALS: Rice, Wheat, Bowline

DAIRY PRODUCE: Milk, Gee, Butter, fresh Cheeses, Ricotta

MEATS: Chicken, Turkey

VEGETABLES: Asparaguses, Lettuce, Courgettes, Spinaches, Beets, Broccolis, Cucumbers, Potatoes

LEGUMES: Chick-peas, Broad beans, Peas, Red Lentils, Tofu

FRUIT: All less Orange, Grapefruit, Mango

DRY FRUIT AND SEEDS: Sunflower and Pumpkin

FAT: Gee, Olive Oil (not too much), Sunflower Oil

SPICE IS AROMAS: Turmeric, Coriander, Fennel, Mint, Saffron

SWEETENERS: Sugar of cane, Honey (in the cold season)


TO REDUCE THE CONSUMPTION OF:

CEREALS: Corn, Rye, Millet

DAIRY PRODUCE: Yogurt, sour and salty Cheeses

MEATS: All

LEGUMES: Beans, Lentils

VEGETABLES: Tomatoes, Spinaches, Onion, Eggplants, Peppers

FRUIT: Orange, Grapefruit, Mango

OILS: Sesam, Corn, Peanuts

SPICE IS AROMAS: Pepper, Capsicum, Ginger (dry), Sage, Oregano, Thyme, Garlic, Mustard, Vinegar, Tamari

SWEETENERS: Honey (in the cold season)

KAPHA CONSTITUTION
 
TO FAVOR WARM, LIGHT, DRY FOODS, FROM THE SPICY OR BITTER OR ASTRINGENT PREVAILING TASTE

TO FAVOR THE CONSUMPTION OF:

CEREALS: Bowline, Millet, Rye, Emmer, Tapioca

DAIRY PRODUCE: Skimmed milk, Milk and cheeses of goat

LEGUMES: Chick-peas, Lentils, Peas, Soy

MEATS: Chicken, Turkey

VEGETABLES: Beets, Chicory, Lettuce, Eggplant, Spinaches, Pumpkin, Courgettes

FRUIT: Cherries, Maracuja, Apple, Pomegranate, Fruits of wood, Papaya

OILS: Sesam, Olive

SPICE AND AROMAS: Laurel, Basil, Nails of carnation, Cardamom, Turmeric, Cinnamon, Marjoram, Oregano, Black Pepper, Sage, Ginger

SWEETENERS: Honey


TO REDUCE THE CONSUMPTION OF:

CEREALS: Laughed white, Bread and pasta white, Oat

DAIRY PRODUCE: Whole milk, Butter, Gee, Yogurt, Cheeses of cow

LEGUMES: Tofu

VEGETABLES: Avocado, Beets, Carrots, Potatoes, Tomatoes

FRUIT: Orange, Banana, Dates, Figs, Mango, Melon, Coconut, Peaches, Kiwi, Grape

DRY FRUIT AND SEEDS: All

FAT: Butter, Gee, Margarine

SPICE: Salt

SWEETENERS: White Sugar, Sugar of Cane

PHYSICAL EXERCISE

VATA NO HEAVY ACTIVITY, BETTER WALKS OR BICYCLE 
PITTA WATER SPORTS, SKI, GOLF, SPORTS IN THE GREEN OR MOUNTAIN 
KAPHA ATHLETICS, BOATING, BASKETBALL, HEAVY SPORTS 
FoodiBase 🥗 ☕️ on Twitter: "3 Body Types, 3 Doshas, Recommended ...

AYURVEDA – 3 Dhoshas – Part 1

Ayurveda Basics: The Three Doshas
3 DOSHA (PHYSICAL STRUCTURE) 3 GUNA (MENTAL STRUCTURE) 
VATA (light – soft – dry) SATTVA (light – thin – quickening – virtue) 
PITTA (fluid – warm – active) RAJAS (activity – passion) 
KAPHA (cold – dense – slow) TAMAS (ignorance – inactive – heavy – obstruction) 

QUALITY OF THE 3 DOSHA


VATA           ETHER + AIR


ROUGHNESS – LIGHTNESS – THINNESS – COLDNESS – MOBILITY – DRYNESS


PITTA          FIRE + WATER


HEAT – ACUTENESS – SPICY TASTE – LIQUIDITY – BAD ODOR – LIGHT GREASINESS – ACID TASTE


KAPHA         EARTH + WATER


HEAVINESS – COLDNESS – SOFTNESS – SLOWNESS – GREASINESS – STABILITY – SWEETNESS

File:Ayurveda humors.svg - Wikimedia Commons

Vata is motion: anything that is inherent to the movement tends to increase this Dosha while everything is static tends to stabilize it.

Pitta is fire, all that is heat tends to increase this Dosha while all that is refreshing tends to pacify it.

Kapha is static: all that is heavy tends to aggravate this Dosha while everything is light tends to pacify it.

What are 'doshas' according to Ayurveda? - Quora

Factors of increase of Dosha

Taking into consideration the standards of conduct, there are actions and particular conditions that cause the increase of Dosha because of the quality that they express.

VataPittaKapha
FastingFood sour, saltySalty, fatty, oily, heavy foods
Eating food too seasoned or dry and astringent substancesFood and drinks that create burning sensationsSedentary lifestyle
Excessive exerciseSunbathingChildhood
Exposure to coldNoon and midnightCold and damp, spring
Staying up late into the nightFrom 10 to 14 and from 22 to 2Morning
AdulthoodHot and humid summerFrom 6 to 10 and from 18 to 22
From 14 to 18 and from 2 to 6Digestive processAttachment
Autumn, windy seasonYouthEnvy
WoundsAnger 
Excessive blood loss  
Excessive sexual intercourse  
Anxiety  
Incorrect body positions  
Suppression of natural urges  
Sorrows  
Feelings of guilt  
Irregularities of the natural rhythm  

PHYSIOLOGICAL FUNCTIONS


VATA 


RESPIRATION, ENERGY, VIBRATIONS, IMPELLED ETC. DEPEND ON VATA


PITTA


DIGESTION, BODILY HEAT, THIRST AND HUNGER, SKIN, GREED OR POSSESSIVE INSTINCTS, SEES, INTELLECT, BRAVERY ETC. DEPEND ON PITTA


KAPHA


STABILITY, SOLIDITY, GREASINESS, STABLE JOINTS, SEXUALITY, MEMORY, AWARENESS, STRENGTH, GENEROSITY ETC. DEPEND ON KAPHA

EFFECTS ON BODY AND MIND


VATA 


IN EQUILIBRIUM


ENTHUSIASM, DYNAMISM, MIND IN ALERT AND VIGILANT, ENERGY AND VITALITY, REGULAR EVACUATION, DEEP SLEEP


IN UNBALANCE


PAIN, RESTLESSNESS, INSENSIBILITY, CONTRACTIONS AND TREMORS, INSTABILITY, ANXIETY, INSOMNIA, DRY SKIN, CONSTIPATION


PITTA


IN EQUILIBRIUM


ACUTE INTELLECT, BALANCED APPETITE, GOOD DIGESTION, BRIGHT SKIN, GOOD SEES


IN UNBALANCE


BURNING, FEVER, PERSPIRATION, IRRITABILITY, FEELING OF BURNING ON THE BODY, VORACIOUS APPETITE, UNBALANCED DIGESTION, YELLOWISH COLOR


KAPHA


IN EQUILIBRIUM


COURAGE, FORGIVENESS, CALM, PLEASANT ASPECT, SOFT AND ATTRACTIVE FORMS, DARK AND STRONG HAIR


IN UNBALANCE


IDLENESS, LETHARGY, OBESITY, PALLOR, FEELING OF HEAVINESS, YAWNS

Pin em PROSUMERS
Summary – 3 Doshas

Continued in Part – 2 ……..

AYURVEDA

Lord Dhanwantri

In this section some fundamental principles of the ancient Indian medicine Ayurveda.

Ayurveda is the composition of two sanscrit words Ayur  life and Veda  knowledge, its meaning is therefore science of life. The tradition wants the teachings of this ancient medicine to be reached by the Avatar (divine incarnation) Dhanvantari.
It is an ancient system which was improved during the course of time that drew its principles from the Vedic knowledge. It has been widely used in India over the millennia and is still one of the medicines most commonly used in the Indian subcontinent.

Ayurveda is a medicine which deals man in his physical, mental and spiritual aspects, trying to heal the sick, prevent disease and maintain our own equilibrium state.

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According to Ayurveda the universe is governed by 5 elements: EARTH – WATER – FIRE – AIR – ETHER. In our body these elements govern the 3 Dosha, the physical structure and the 3 Guna the mental structure.

The balance of all these elements determines the state of health.

In Ayurveda are described seven types of tissues of the body, known as saptadhatu. It is plasma (rasa dhatu),  blood (Rakta dhatu),  meat (mamsa dhatu), adipose tissue (medha dhatu), bone (asthi dhatu), the marrow and the nervous system (majja dhatu), and reproductive tissue (semen or female reproductive tissue) (sukra dhatu).

Sapta Dhatu in Ayurveda (Seven Types of Tissues) | Ayur Times

The eight branches of Ayurveda are:

  • Internal medicine (Kaya-cikitsa)
  • Paediatrics (Kaumrabhṛtyam)
  • Surgery (Shalya-cikitsa)
  • Opthalmology and Otolaryngology (Shalakya tantra)
  • Psychiatry (Bhuta vidya)
  • Toxicology (Agadatantram)
  • Prevention of diseases, improving immunity and rejuvenation (Rasayana)
  • Aphrodisiacs and improving health of progeny (Vajikaranam)

Ancient Ayurvedic books:

The 96 aspects of life

According to the Siddha tradition there are 96 aspects of life supported by the individual soul, the Purusha.

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Life is lived through the 5 motor organs, Pancha Karmendriya, which correspond to the 5 senses and the 5 elements.

  • Mouth (expression) – hearing – ether
  • Hands (grab) – touch – air
  • Foot (move) – sight – fire
  • Urino-genital organs (emission) – taste – water
  • Anus (elimination) – smell – earth

The organs of action allow acting in the physical world and then allowing the mind to make new experiences. They are expressive and their receptive capacity is given by the sense organs. The organs of action are more related to the five gross elements while the sense organs correspond more to Tanmatras or thin elements.

Given that requires movement, the body has five hollow organs, 5 Asayas.

  • Colon
  • Intestine
  • Stomach
  • Bladder
  • Ovary / Prostate

The Asayas are important because the body needs energy that is forfeited through food to generate movement.

All of us live by 5 types of actions:

  • With the mouth we talk and eat
  • With arms we take and give
  • With legs we go
  • With the genitals we reproduce
  • With the excretory organs we eliminate
Ayurvedic Doshas | Vata Pitta Kapha

The 5 actions of the body, walking, working, talking, release and procreating, are governed by Tridoshas derived by Pancha Mahabhutas.

  • Vata – movement
  • Pitta – nourishment
  • Kapha – rest

All matter consists of the five elements, Pancha Mahabhutas, which are understood as levels of density of matter itself.

  • Ether – Akasha
  • Air – Vayu
  • Fire – Teja / Agni
  • Water – Jala
  • Earth – Pritvi
Pancha Mahabootha - Ojas Ayurveda

The elements are the means which are necessary for the expression of Cosmic Intelligence.

  • Ether: manifests the idea of space, communication and expression
  • Air: manifests the idea of time, of the change and provides the basis for thought
  • Fire: manifests the idea of light, perception and movement
  • Water: manifests the idea of life, liquidity and flowing movement
  • Earth manifests the idea of form, solidity and stability

To have the experience of the outside world need the 5 sensory organs, Pancha Jñanendriyas; each of them corresponds to a quality of sense (Tanmatra) and an element

Ear – hearing organ – ether

Skin – organ of touch – air

Eye – organ of sight – fire

Tongue – organ of taste – water

Nose – organ of smell – earth

The sense organs, also called organs of knowledge, allow the experience of the outside world. It is noteworthy that through the sense organs we can assimilate the Pancha Tanmatras as subtle elements then they feed on a subtle level; that’s why there is the Vedic dictum “what you see, you become.”

Indriya Pancha Panchaka: 5 Fives Of Sense Organs |

The sensory organs are generated by the 5 senses, Pancha Tanmatra, derived from the interaction of Sattva, Rajas and Tamas.

Shabda – hearing – ether

Sparsha – touch – air

Rupa – sight – fire

Rasa – taste – water

Gandha – smell – earth


The Pancha Tanmatras create the manifested worlds in the form of a seed; they create the causal or ideal world, the world of ideas that precedes any form of material expression.

Senses work through the 10 Vayus. (5 Major – 5 Minor)

The 5 Vayus - Anam Cara Manila - Medium
  • Prana Vayu – moves inward and governs the taking of substances and receiving of all kinds, has a propulsive nature and generates movement. Prana Vayu gives positive energy to all other prana.
  • Apana Vayu – goes down and ejects, goes out and governs the elimination at all levels. Apana, which is the basis of immune function, is the vital energy of the lower part of the abdomen.
  • Samana Vayu – moves from the periphery toward the center with an action of shuffling and discernment, in charge of processing and digestion at all levels.
  • Udana Vayu – is the energy of the throat that governs Word, self-expression, body growth, the ability to stand and make efforts, enthusiasm and willingness.
  • Vyana Vayu – moves from the center to the periphery and is the energy that is in the heart and lungs, governs the transport and movement at all levels.
  •  Naga Vayu – responsible for the expulsion from the mouth and nose. Nagan is instinctive; it is the movement responsible for protecting the body’s defense. For example, in case of wind eyes are closed instinctively.
  • Kurma Vayu – responsible for the hiccups and swallow reported not only to food but also to situations, feelings, duties that don’t like, etc.
  •  Krikara Vayu – responsible for the contrary movement of food and any movement outside the normal. For example, vomiting.
  • Devadatta Vayu – responsible for the opening and closing movement of eye lashes and the sneeze; It helps in protecting the body control systems.
  • Dhananjaya Vayu – responsible for joints creaking and contractures, the yawning and burping, helps rid the body of harmful gas residue. For example, when the prana becomes of poor quality, we yawn.
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The Vayus flow through 12 main Nadis.

Brahma Nadi which are related chakras along the spine and brain.

Citra and Vajra Nadis creating Viyana Vayu and are linked to the cerebellum, spine and peripheral nerves.

Ida, Pingala and Jiva Nadis that result in Udana and Prana Vayus and are related to the lungs, heart and thyroid.

Pusha and Gandhari Nadis creating Samana Vayu and are linked to the stomach, small intestine, pancreas, spleen and liver.

Hasti and Alambusha Nadis that, along with Shankini and Kuhu Nadis, originate Apana Vayu and are related to the reproductive organs.

Shankini and Kuhu Nadis related to the colon, kidneys and bladder.

The 12 Nadis branch out from 3 Mandalas (centers).

  • Agni Mandala – governs digestive system and is located in the abdomen
    Chakras: Manipura, Swadhisthana and Muladhara 
  • Surya Mandala – governs the heart and circulation and is located in the solar plexus
    Chakras: Vishuddi and Anahata
  • Chandra Mandala – governs the nervous system and is located in the brain and in the head
    Chakras: Sahasrara and Ajña

Vayus, Nadis and Mandalas are ruled by the 7 Chakras.

The chakras are located along the spine and are the seven major energy centers in the human body; each of them corresponds to specific features in both physical and spiritual.

  • Muladhara Chakra – Basilar origin. It is located at the base of the spine, in the pelvic region; represents the Earth element. The practice on this chakra helps to maintain stability.
  • Swadhisthana Chakra – Headquarters of health. It is located in the pelvic region and is considered the origin of the self; represents the Water element. The practice on Swadhisthana free from emotional blocks.
  • Manipura Chakra – Light of the jewels. It is located at the navel in the cavity of the abdomen; represents Karma, fate, and its element is Fire. The practice on Manipura facilitates metabolism, digestion, assimilation and elimination.
  • Anahata Chakra – Not known Sound. It is located in the chest cavity near the heart and represents the Air element. The practice on this chakra is blossoming love, tenderness and compassion.
  • Vishuddha Chakra – Great purification. It is located in the hollow of the throat and represents the element Ether. The practice on it purifies and revitalizes the organism due to transformation from negative energy into positive. It increases energy and creativity.
  • Ajña Chakra – Dominance. Its name means knowing, sensing and control. It is located in the cranial cavity, in the middle of the forehead, and represents the mind. The practice on this chakra helps to think and analyze giving clarity.
  • Sahasrara Chakra – Eternal circle. It is located on the top of the head and represents Samadhi. Sahasrara means circle of Ecstasy and can define the interface between individual and universal consciousness. Represents the Purusha. The practice on this chakra brings peace and contentment.

The 7 Chakras derive from 5 types of bodies, Pancha Kosham.

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  • Anna Maya Kosham – It is the physical body nourished by the food, it contains everything from soul to mind, etc.
  • Prana Maya Kosham – It is the energetic functional body that is nourished through the breath; without prana there is no life.
  • Mano Maya Kosham – It is the mental body that is nourished with thoughts.
  • Vijñana Maya Kosham – It is the intellectual body which is fed by knowledge and wisdom.
  • Ananda Maya Kosham – It is the blessed body that is nourished by pure consciousness, by the soul.

The soul sustains all bodies through the consciousness of intellect, thoughts, energy and structure.

The 5 Koshams have 2 types of action, 2 Karmas.

  • Nal Vinai – good destiny
  • Thi Vinai – bad destiny

The 2 Karma produce 3 types of slag, 3 Mala.

Anavam – main ego (wanting to sleep, wake up, hating, loving, enter in meditation)

Maya – illusion, ignorance

Kama – greed, too much desire.

We all live subjected to ego, illusions and desires. Although we have no longer desires, we continue to live because we are subjected to Maya, and also eliminating Maya, the ego continues to persist; to go beyond we should tend towards the Purusha burning the ego. The process of the manifestation takes place through a series of successive divisions with which various creatures and different objects come into existence. Ahamkara more than a reality in itself is a process, a series of thoughts that divide, not a real entity. This is a division power that is essential to the manifestation of multiplicity; it is a stage of evolution, but is not the fundamental truth or true nature of creatures that is represented by the Pure Consciousness beyond personification. Through ego the basic potentialities of the matter (Prakriti) and the fundamental laws contained in the Cosmic Intelligence (Mahat) take a specific form. The basic qualities of nature differ in three groups of five: five senses, five organs of action and five elements. These arise from Ahamkara through Sattva, Rajas and Tamas, the Triguna.

If Buddhi is intelligence that allows to turn the gaze to deep and inner nature of things, the ego, which by its nature is outwards, creates the mind and the senses, tools that allow the individual to operate. Ayurveda places great emphasis on understanding of the ego and the inevitable distortions created by its influence; a proper understanding of the ego causes our judgment remains balanced and our actions are aimed at the universal good. Break free from the ego’s domain causes the dissolution of all psychological disorders and physical diseases.

The 3 Malas are controlled by 3 Gunas.

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Sattva – pure-light, soul, white, purity, serenity

Rajas – dynamic-heat, ego, red, dynamism, activity

Tamas – inert-structure, body, black, quiet, inertia

If we want to sleep, Nidra, serves Tamas; If we are to be alert, Jakrata, serves Rajas; If we want to be in Ecstasy, Turyam, serves Sattva.

The 3 Gunas have 9 types of tastes, sensations, Nava Rasa.

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Srangram / Viruppu – love, joy, let in, acceptance, East

Bhibastam / Veruppu – hatred, dismiss, let out, rejection, West

Karunayam/Santosham, Sukam – happiness, joy, comfort

Dukham – sadness, suffering

Raudram / Krodham – resentment, anger

Shantham – serenity, tranquility

Viram – dignity, strength, courage

Bhayam – fear

Hasyam – humor, irony in a positive, fun, laughs, taking life lightly

Shantham: this tranquility can take over in a state of silence. This state happens naturally for a very short time, so that we are not able to recognize it; in meditation practice we try to bring this state to longer times and to recognize it.

We find the 9 Rasas in 5 types of status, conditions, Pancha Avastha.

Jakrat – waking state; be ready, alert. Consciousness is associated with the mental and to the senses.

Svapna – dream state; with eyes open or closed. Consciousness is in the subtle body, associated with the mental.

Sushupti – state of dreamless sleep; be asleep, peaceful, calm. Consciousness is in the causal body.

Turiya – state of meditation; deep consciousness, ecstasy, how to enjoy life outside or on inside, blissful. Consciousness is in the great

causal body – Mahakarana.

Turiyatita – state of pure consciousness – Unmesha; silence, total annulment which can be all the other consciousnesses.

Avastha is the state of the soul. In all the states is used the consciousness but the kind of state depends on the environment. The first three states are associated with Avidya (ignorance); Vikriti with the first two and the third with Prakriti. Pure consciousness is not taking part of normal life, goes beyond; even if one lives the life, he lives differently. Turiya is the state of deep meditation, Samadhi; Turiyatita is the state of meditation in life.

The 5 Avasthas live in 4 aspects, subtle causes, the 4 Andakarnis.

Manas – superficial mind, virtual mind, psyche, emotions

Siddam – subconscious, deep mind; memorizes

Buddhi – individual intelligence

Ahamkar – ego

A sattvic ego empties siddam while a tamasic ego fills. Siddam andakarna is always present because there is always the karma or destiny of the soul.

These 96 aspects are supported by the soul, Atma, Purusha.

MUDRA

Mudra (Sanskrit: मुद्रा) literally means “seal”, “brand” or “gesture”, it is a symbolic gesture used in Tantric rituals of both Hindu and Buddhist tradition. The mudras can be performed with the whole body but most are performed with the hands. Mudras are part of a system that uses the body to express and emphasize the intentions of the mind. Are often used in yoga practice in association with breathing (pranayama), in meditation and for healing purposes.  Stimulate different parts of the body and affect the flow of prana, the vital energy. It is also said that the mudras are the language of the Devas.

We can note how in Hindu, Jain, and Buddhist iconography every god or goddess adopt a particular mudra, which along with the weapons or objects held by the deity, symbolize a particular energy or quality.

In Tantric rituals 108 mudras are used.

In the ancient text on yoga Gheranda Samhita 25 mudras are mentioned:

महामुद्रा नभोमुद्रा उद्दीयनं जलन्धरम् ।
मूलबन्धो महाबन्धो महावेधश्च खेचरी ॥ १ ॥
विपरीतकरी योनिर्वज्रोली शक्तिचालनी ।
तादागी मण्डुकीमुद्रा शाम्भवी पञ्चधारणा ॥ २ ॥
अश्विनी पाशनी काकी मातङ्गी च भुजंगिनी ।
पञ्चविंशतिमुद्राश्च सिद्धिदा इह् योगिनम् ॥ ३ ॥
mahāmudrā nabhomudrā uddīyānaṃ jalandharam |
mulabandho mahābandho mahāvedhaśca khecarī || 1 ||
viparītakarī yonirvajrolī śakticālanī |
tādāgī maṇḍukīmudrā śāmbhavī pañcadhāraṇā || 2 ||
aśvinī pāśanī kākī mātaṅgī ca bhujaṃginī |
pañcaviṃśatimudrāśca siddhidā ih yoginam || 3 ||
Mahamudra, Nabhomudra, Uddiyanamudra, Jalandharamudra
Muhlabandhamudra, Mahabandhamudra, Mahavedhamudra, and Khecharimudra
Viparitakaranimudra, Yonimudra, Vajrolimudra, Shaktichalani,
Tadagimudra, Mandukimudra, Shambhavimudra, the five Dharana,
Ashvinimudra, Pashinimudra, Kakimudra, Matangimudra and Bhujanginimudra:
these 25 mudras grant to yogis success in this world.

Other text where mudras are mentioned: Hatha Yoga Pradipika – Shiva Samhita

Here are listed the most popular and well-known mudras:

MudraMeaningIllustrationDescriptionSymbology
Chin MudraGesture of ConscienceJoin the tip of the thumb and the forefinger as to form a circle, the other fingers are joined and extended outwards, with the middle finger near the unfolded part of the forefinger. To be executed with both hands, palms facing upward.It represents the Union between man and the divine.
Jñana(Gyana) MudraGesture of KnowledgeLike Chin Mudra but with the palms facing downward.It represents the Union between man and the divine.
Abhaya MudraGesture of FearlessnessThe right hand raised to shoulder height, the arm bent and the palm facing outward with the fingers together in a vertical position.It represents security, benevolence, peace and victory over fear. Abhaya Mudra is the gesture of peace world-wide common to many cultures.
Adi MudraFirst GestureWith your palms facing down, place your thumb inside the palm of the hand touching the base of the little finger. Close the four fingers on the thumb to create a fist.  The respiration must be long and deep.Adi means first and Adi Mudra is the first position adopted by the newborn.
Dhyana MudraGesture of MeditationTo be executed while sitting in a comfortable position (in the yoga in Sukhāsana or in Siddhāsana) with both hands resting on the legs, the right hand over the left. The palms are facing upwards and fingers remain extended.This mudra is one of the most well-known, is present in many of Hindu, Buddhist and Jain iconography.
It represents the illumination above the illusion.
Apana Mudra








Gesture of the vital air Apana (also called Mudra of Digestion)Join the tip of the thumb with the tip of the middle and ring fingers, while keeping the other fingers straight. To be executed with both hands.Apana, literally means “air that runs”, is one of the five vital airs (prana), is associated with the lower part of the abdomen, moves downwards and outwards and governs all forms of elimination and reproduction. Energizing Mudra.
Mrigi MudraGesture of DeerThe same as in Apana Mudra.
Join the tip of the thumb with the tip of the middle and ring fingers, while keeping the other fingers straight.
Used in Pooja and Sadhana.
Tarpana MudraGesture of OfferingJoin the tip of the thumb with the tip of the ring fingers, while keeping the other fingers straight.Used in Pooja and Sadhana.
Apana Vayu MudraGesture of the HeartJoin the tip of the thumb, ring and middle finger, while the forefinger touches the base of the thumb, keeping the little finger straight. To be executed with both hands, palms facing upward.It is called Mudra of the Heart for its influence upon the heart and blood pressure.
It reduces the gas content in body.
Prana MudraGesture of the Vital AirTo be executed while sitting in a comfortable position (in the yoga in Sukhāsana or in Siddhāsana), focusing on the breath. The tips of the little finger and ring finger touch the tip of the thumb, keeping the other fingers straight. To be executed with both hands, palms facing upward.It symbolizes the life force. Prana is the vital air that flows in our body. There are 5 vital airs: Prana, Apana, Vyana, Udana, Samana.
Ganesh MudraGesture of Ganesh
To be executed while sitting in a comfortable position, focusing on the breath. Hang up your hands to the heart. The left outside, the right in front of the heart.
It symbolizes Ganesh, the elephant-headed God, known as the remover of obstacles.
It stimulates the fourth chakra, Anahata.
Kalesvara MudraGesture of KalesvaraTo be executed while sitting in a comfortable position, focusing on the breath. The tip of the middle and thumbs touching, the other fingers are joined folded inside. Place your thumbs to the heart.It symbolizes Kalesvara, God of Time.
It calms the mind.
Matangi MudraGesture of the Goddess MatangiJoin the hands at stomach height, palms are towards each other with fingers facing upwards. The fingers of the right hand are entwined with those of the left, with the exception of the middle fingers that remain straight and joined.It symbolizes the relationship with Mother Earth.
Yoni MudraYoni GestureJoin hands in front of the stomach with palms facing your tummy, thumbs joined up and forefingers joined down to form a triangle.Yoni, meaning vagina, uterus, symbolizes the origin of life, the feminine energy, the creative power, Shakti.  This mudra insulates the practitioner from the outside world as a fetus in the womb of the mother.
Yoni MudraYoni GestureFold the hands, under the right than the left.
Grab with the index fingers the ring fingers.
Then stretch out the middle fingers, the little fingers and thumbs.
Yoni, meaning vagina, uterus, symbolizes the origin of life, the feminine energy, the creative power, Shakti.  This mudra symbolizes the yonis of the three Mothers.
Linga MudraLinga GestureCross fingers of both hands. Keep the left thumb straight surrounded by the right thumb and forefinger.Linga is the symbol of Shiva, represents the universe.
This mudra produces heat in the body.
Kundalini MudraKundalini GestureTo be executed while sitting in a comfortable position (in the yoga in Sukhāsana, Vajrāsana or in Siddhāsana), focusing on the breath.
Form two overlapping fists, extend the left index and grab it with the right fist on it. Cover the tip of the index with your thumb.
Hold the Mudra on Muladhara.
It symbolizes the union of individual soul with the cosmic soul.
Rudra MudraRudra GestureTo be executed while sitting in a comfortable position (in the yoga in Sukhāsana, Vajrāsana or in Siddhāsana), focusing on the breath.
Combine the tip of the thumb, index and ring fingers. Medium and little fingers straight but relaxed. It is performed with both hands, palms facing up.
Symbolizes Rudra, the terrific aspect of Shiva.
Very powerful mudra with different beneficial effects on the body.
Brahma MudraBrahma GestureTo be executed while sitting in a comfortable position (in the yoga in Sukhāsana, Vajrāsana or in Siddhāsana), focusing on the breath.
With the palms facing upwards and located at the level of the navel, place your thumb inside the Palm of the hand touching the base of the little finger. Close the four fingers on the thumb to create a fist. Join the knuckles of the hands like in the picture alongside.
It symbolizes Brahma, the creator aspect of the divine.
Ankusha MudraGesture of the GoadFolded index, medium straight.
It symbolizes Ganesh goad. Also used to encourage the deities to move from the spiritual world to the material. Or even to encourage the soul towards the ultimate goal.
Matsya MudraGesture of the FishRight palm below, left Palm over. Thumbs move as if they were the fins of fish. (this mode is mainly Tantric, other schools put right above)Symbolizes the Fish.
It symbolizes also swimming across the ocean of worldliness without fear.
Dhenu MudraGesture of the CowFold the hands, under the right than the left.
The right index finger touches the left middle.
The left index finger touches the right middle.
The right little finger touches the left ring finger.
The left little finger touches the right ring.
Thumbs inside.
It symbolizes the muzzle of a cow, the one who always nourishes with love.
Kurmāsana MudraGesture of the TurtleUnder the left hand: thumb, index and little finger raised.
The other fingers touch the palm.
Above the right hand: thumb, index and little finger down.
The other fingers touch the palm.
Join the two hands, the right index finger on the left thumb, right little finger on the left index, right thumb on the left palm, right little finger on the left palm.
Bring Mudra to the heart.
It symbolizes a throne shaped like a turtle.
Used in Pooja and Sadhana.
Shankh MudraGesture of the ConchHold the left thumb with the four fingers of the right hand.
The left middle touches the right thumb.
Bring Mudra to the heart.
Do it singing the mantra AUM.
Symbolizes the Ritual Conch.
Used in Pooja and Sadhana.
Relationship between fingers and the 5 elements – Vedik version
(Ayurveda, Dakshinachara – right hand path)
Agni Mudra (also called  Surya Mudra)Gesture of the FireBend the ring finger to the base of the thumb and press with your thumb on the second phalanx, keeping the other fingers straight. To be executed with both hands, palms facing upward.Mantra: RAṂ
It symbolizes the inner fire. Prevents and cures digestive disorders.
Vayu MudraGesture of the AirBend the forefinger at the base of the thumb and press with your thumb on the second phalanx, keeping the other fingers straight. To be executed with both hands, palms facing upward.Mantra: YAṂ
This Mudra helps in balancing the air element within the body.
Akash MudraGesture of the SpaceJoin the tip of the thumb and the middle finger as to form a circle, keeping the other fingers straight. To be executed with both hands, palms facing upward.Mantra: HAṂ
This Mudra helps in balancing the space element and to achieve the energies inside the body.
Prithvi MudraGesture of the EarthJoin the tip of the thumb and the ring finger as to form a circle, keeping the other fingers straight. To be executed with both hands, palms facing upward.Mantra: LAṂ
This Mudra helps in balancing the Earth element within the body.
Jal MudraGesture of the WaterJoin the tip of the thumb and little finger as to form a circle, keeping the other fingers straight. To be executed with both hands, palms facing upward.Mantra: VAṂ
This Mudra helps in balancing the water element within the body.

Other mudras performed with the body:

Bhramari MudraGesture of the BeeSitting comfortably with your back straight and your head not moving, imagine that a bee turns in a circle before you, first in one direction and then another. Fold the neck back and repeat the exercise. It is important to move only the eyes, the head remains stationary. To be performed only once a day. Relaxes and invigorates the eyes.
Surya Chandra Mudra (or Brahma Mudra)Gesture of the Sun and the Moon (or Brahma Gesture)Sitting in the simple position inhale. Exhale and bring the head forward. Inhaling turn right up to the shoulder. Exhale and rotate the head back. While inhaling turn left. Exhale and return to the initial position. Repeat on the contrary. Contraindicated for arthritis extended to all cervical vertebrae. Prevents cervical, eliminates headaches, strengthens the view, relaxing.
Matsya MudraGesture of the FishInflate the cheeks without curling the lips. Perform a dozen times. It purifies the blood, increases blood pressure, tones the facial muscles preventing wrinkles.
Bhujangini MudraGesture of the Serpent (or Cobra)“Drink” the air by opening and expanding a little the mouth, strengthens the abdomen and the digestive tract.
Simha MudraGesture of the LionExhale from the mouth: tongue out, eyes looking at the nose and open hands. Is good for the liver, bile and sight. Eliminates bad breath.
Kaki MudraGesture of the CrawThe Gheranda Samhita describes it thus: Contract the lips, like the beak of a crow, and drink the air slowly and slowly.
Khechari MudraGesture of the movement in Space (Kechari = moving in Space)After performing the cleansing of the tongue, inhaling, place the tongue above the palate to close the nasal cavity. Rhythmically massaging the soft palate. It should then produce a sweet liquid, but if it produces a bitter or metallic taste liquid you must spit.
The Hatha Yoga Pradipika describes the Kechari Mudra thus: 
Kapālakuhare jihvā pravishtā viparītaghā Bhruvorantarghatā drshtirmudrā bhavati khecharī – The Khechari mudra is accomplished by thrusting the tongue into the gullet, by turning it over itself, and keeping the eyesight in the middle of the eyebrows.
Jalandhara BandhaHigh ContractionIn Sanskrit jalan means net, dhara means to hold, then the meaning of jalandhara bandha is the physical lock that controls the network of nadis (energy channels) in the neck.
Inhaling fold the chin close to the chest. With the chin in this position, push the tongue to the palate. Exhaling slowly relax. Repeat several times. It stimulates the higher chakras (Vishuddha, Ajña and Sahasrara). Strengthens the neck and directly stimulates the pituitary, pineal, thyroid, parathyroid, and thymus glands.
Uddiyana BandhaAbdominal Contraction (Uddiyana = rise up, fly up)Inhale deeply and exhale all the air. Holding the breath contract the abdomen inside the rib cage. Hold the position for a while ‘and then slowly relax the abdomen. Repeat several times. Stimulates the chakras medians (Manipura and Anahata). Prevents and treats disorders of the digestive system.
Mula BandhaLow Contraction (Mula = root, Bandha = close – fix)While inhaling contract the sphincter. Exhaling slowly relax it. Repeat several times. Stimulates the first two chakras  (Muladhara  and  Swadhishthana). Prevents and cures hemorrhoids.
Maha BandhaGreat Contraction
Perform in the order Mula Bandha, Uddiyana Bandha and  Jalandhar Bandha releasing them in the same order.

Meditations

Meditation on Chakras

Sit back, relax every muscle in your body.
Visualize the chakras using the image on your monitor, or close your eyes and visualize internally.

Let us now concentrate on the Muladhara Chakra, located at the base of the spine, and imagine a closed flower that slowly opens. The center is yellow and has four red petals.
Now focused on the open flower within us repeat the mantra LAM.
Visualize now the flower slowly closes.

Let us now concentrate on Swadhisthana Chakra, above the genitals, here we imagine a closed flower that slowly opens. The center has the color of the water and has six petals of red vermilion.
Now focused on the open flower within us repeat the mantra VAM.
Visualize now the flower slowly closes.

Let us now concentrate on Manipura chakra, the base of the stomach, here we imagine a closed flower that slowly opens. The center is red and has ten blue petals.
Now focused on the open flower within us repeat the mantra RAM.
Visualize now the flower slowly closes.

Let us now concentrate on Anahata Chakra, the heart, imagine a closed flower that slowly opens. The center is gray smoke and has twelve red petals.
Concentrate on the open flower within us repeat the mantra YAM.
Visualize now the flower slowly closes.


Let us now concentrate on Vishuddha Chakra, throat, again imagine a closed flower that slowly opens. The center of the flower is blue and has sixteen petals blue.
Concentrate on the open flower within us repeat the mantra HAM.
Visualize now the flower slowly closes.

Let us now concentrate on Ajña chakra between the eyebrows, and here we imagine a closed flower that slowly opens. A flower that has only two petals, the center and the petals are white. The more the flower opens and the more becomes shiny. When the flower is fully open will look like a light- flower.
Concentrate on the open flower within us repeat the mantra OM.
Visualize now the flower slowly closes.


Let us now concentrate on the Sahasrara Chakra, on top of the head, imagine a closed flower that slowly opens. is a multi-colored flower that has a thousand petals.
Concentrate on the open flower hear the sound of our breathing.
Visualize now the flower slowly closes.

MEDITATION: Chakras and Elements

Sit comfortably in your usual a meditative pose.
Start from the root chakra, Muladhara and visualize the Earth element.
See it dissolving in the element of the sacral chakra, the Water.
Visualize the water consumed by the fire of the solar plexus chakra, Manipura.
The fire is extinguished in air, the element of the heart chakra, Anahata.
The air becomes ether in the throat chakra, Vishuddha.
The ether is absorbed into the third eye chakra and is transmuted into Light.
Finally, the light dissolves into Universal Mind or Infinite Consciousness of Sahasrara Chakra.

Inner Adoration

Visualize the path of the vital breath within one’s own body, imagining that from the navel of Sadashiva three rays are born, on which we will find the three Goddesses: Parā, who is on Bhairava Sadbhāva; Parāparā standing on Ratishekhara Bhairava; Aparā standing on Navātma Bhairava. The three Goddesses are also associated with the succession of gurus (Parampara).

Breathing exercises and Pranayama

EXERCISE OF BREATH
Inhale and gently press your thumb and forefinger on the eyes, the pressure lasts throughout inspiration. Exhale deeply slowly decrease the pressure. It slows the heart rate, decreases anxiety.

EXERCISE OF BREATH
Focus on dimple of the neck, inhaling, holding the breath to push the chin toward the neck. Exhale and release the pressure. You have the same effects of exercise above. These two exercises are excellent for crisis tachycardia.

BREATHING OF THE BEE (BHRAMARI PRANAYAMA)
Breathe deeply focusing on the throat. Both inhaling and exhaling make a buzz between the nose and throat like that of a bee.


CONTRARY BREATHING (VILOMA PRANAYAMA)
Exhale completely through the nostrils. Inhaling and retain the air for a few seconds. Inhale and hold … ..and so on up to completely fill the lungs. Hold breath as much as possible. Exhale slowly and deeply uttering the sound “ooh”. Repeat several times.

BREATHING OF THE SUN (SURYA PRANAYAMA)

Close the left nostril, using your hand, inhale with the other nostril.

BREATHING OF THE MOON (CHANDRA PRANAYAMA)

Close the right nostril and inhale.

BREATHING OF THE SUN AND THE MOON (SURYA CHANDRA PRANAYAMA)

Close the left nostril, inhale. Close the right nostril, exhale and inhale. Close the left nostril, exhale and inhale … and so on. Repeat for 5 minutes.

DRUM BREATHING (MRIDANGA PRANAYAMA)

Breathe deeply beating the chest with the fingers. Purifies the bronchi and lungs, good for smokers. Stimulates Anahata Chakra.

INTERRUPTED BREATHING (VILOMA PRANAYAMA)

Interrupt breathing as when you cry. Start inhaling with 7 pauses and then exhaling with 7 pauses (but you can also start with 5 or more pauses), then decreased: 6/6 – 5/5 – 4/4 – 3/3 – 2/2, end up with a slow, deep breathing. Repeat several times.

MEDITATION ON LISTENING TO THE OWN BREATH

Simply listen to your own breath. It may adopt abdominal breathing.

COMPLETE YOGIC BREATHING

Perform abdominal, thoracic and clavicular (throat) breathings, bringing your hands on the abdomen, chest and throat.

Abdominal breathing: inhaling inflates the abdomen, exhaling relaxes
Chest breathing: inhaling inflates the chest, exhaling relaxes.
Clavicular breathing: high breathing, of gluttony, as you inhale chest and belly do not swell.

BREATHING OF THE LIGHT OF THE SKULL (KAPALABHATI)

Inhale slowly. Exhale suddenly. Perform for a few minutes. Finished the exercise perform a slow, deep complete yogic breathing.

IRREGULAR BREATHING (VILOMA PRANAYAMA)

Inhale from the mouth uttering the sound hoo. Exhale little air and hold your breath for a second. Continue exhaling always emitting little air and holding the breath for a second. Go on until complete emptying of the lungs. Repeat several times. Decreases the pressure.

BREATHINGS ON CHAKRAS

Starting from Muladhara Chakra, inhale deeply concentrating on the chakra, exhale uttering the mantra of the chakra in question. 5 breaths and then switch to the higher chakras.

BREATHING EXERCISE ON KUNDALINI

Imagine Kundalini as a heat, a fire that goes through all the chakras.
Breathing in goes up, breathing out goes down.

Vipassana

Vipassana is a traditional and ancient Buddhist meditation really interesting, where there’s plenty to do… just to sit quietly, doing nothing and watch the breath. Vipassana meditation aims to develop full awareness of all sensory and mental stimuli, in order to capture their real nature. It is traditionally defined as a meditation of “inner perception” in the sense that simply slowing each activity and by sitting in meditation we create a space in which we can have intuitions about who we are, and where we can get to know us more deeply, more intimately. The body and mind are the field in which it is possible to find out, with a careful vision, the truth.

Contemplation of the body

Breath awareness

Awareness of body positions

Awareness of the actions of the body

Awareness of body parts

Awareness of the elements

Contemplation of feelings

Contemplation of the mind

Contemplation of mental objects

Centering Meditation

Put a candle or a small flame in front of you.

First stage: 15 minutes

Seated in an easy position with eyes closed and lips together. inhale slowly, stop for a moment and then exhaling the sound MMM. Take a longer break before inspiration. The internal vibration that will be created will shake our subtlest energies.

Second stage: 15 minutes

Sit down with narrowed eyes and observe the flame set before. Continue with regular and slow breathing. This will center our energies awakened.

Third stage: 15 minutes

Lie on your back, close your eyes and relax with a slow and regular breathing. Relax every muscle and every part of the body, starting from the feet to get to the head.

Then visualize the breath as a heat source that starts from the center of the root and get to the top of the head. View its warm colors. Gradually see the breath becomes an increasingly hot and bright light. When the light reaches the top of the head visualize this light expanding beyond the body.

Awakening of the heart – give and receive

If we do not love, life has no meaning; When you really love, the ego disappears. When the ego disappears we open our being to the All, the One. For this reason, the path of the heart is a prime way that can lead us directly to higher states of consciousness.

This simple meditation joins the breath to the gestures of giving and receiving so awakening the heart and accepting with simplicity and love what happens.

Inspiring bring your hands to the heart.

Exhaling extend your arms outward.

Active Meditations
 

Many cultures have traditions of meditative movements or sacred dance: from shamanism to Tantra, from Sufi to Gurdjieff, from Qigong to the techniques developed in Buddhism, etc. Through active meditations we become mindful of our experience while acting. The mind can be detached automatically from the incessant flow of thoughts because it is concentrated in the observation of bodily sensations that are perceived at that exact moment. Managing to maintain this awareness, you can even go beyond the observer, reaching the state of non-duality.

Any action can become a meditation.

Osho Active Meditations

Dynamic Meditation

First stage: 10 minutes
Breathe chaotically through the nose, concentrating always on exhalation. The body will take care of the inhalation. Do this as fast and as hard as you can more and more – until you literally become the breathing. Use your entire body to push the air out, as if you were a bellows.

Second stage: 10 minutes
Explode! Express everything that needs to be thrown out. Become totally crazy. Shout, cry, jump, shake, dance, sing, laugh. Hold nothing back; keep the whole body in motion. A little acting often helps to start. Do not allow your mind to interfere with what is happening. Be total, be whole hearted; be careful, aware of what is happening to you.

Third stage: 10 minutes
With raised arms, jump up and down shouting the mantra Hoo! Hoo! Hoo! as deeply as possible, allowing the sound to come from the bottom of the belly. Landing from the jump with the entire sole of the foot and let the sound deeply affects your sexual center. Give all you have; go dead.

Fourth stage: 15 minutes
Stop! Stop wherever you are, at any location you are. Do not move the body for any reason. A cough, a movement – anything will dissipate the energy flow and the effort will be in vain. Remain completely still, being a witness to everything that happens.

Fifth Stage: 15 minutes
Celebrate with dance, expressing your gratitude towards existence. Bring this happiness with you all day.

Kundalini

This meditation, “sister” of the Dynamic, finds its best if done at sunset or late afternoon. Totally immerse yourself in the shaking and dancing during the first two stages helps loosen one’s being hard as rocks, at any point in the flow of energy has been suppressed and blocked. Then that energy can flow, dance and be transformed into joy and bliss.
The last two stages allow all of this energy to slide vertically, to move upwards in the silence. An extremely effective way to be loose and to relax, letting yourself go at the end of the day.

Instructions:

First Stage: 15 minutes

Be loose and let the whole body shake. Look up the energy from the feet upwards. Let go of every single part and become the shaking. The eyes can be open or closed.

Second Stage: 15 minutes

Dance – just as you like, and let the whole body move as it wishes. The eyes can be open or closed.

Third Stage: 15 minutes

Close your eyes and be still, sitting or standing, observe like a witness whatever’s going on inside and outside of you.

Fourth Stage: 15 minutes

Keeping your eyes closed, lie down and be still.

Mandala

This is another powerful technique that creates a circle of energy, resulting in a natural centering. There are four stages of 15 minutes each.

First Stage: 15 minutes

With open eyes run on the spot, starting slowly and gradually, getting faster and faster. Bring your knees up as high as possible. Breathing deeply and evenly will move the energy within. Forget the mind and forget the body. Keep going.

Second Stage: 15 minutes

Sit with your eyes closed and mouth open and loose. Gently rotate your body from the belly, like a reed blowing in the wind. Feel the wind blowing you from side to side, back and forth, around and around. This will bring your awakened energies to the navel center.

Third Stage: 15 minutes

Lie on your back, open your eyes and with the head still, rotate them in a clockwise direction. Sweep them fully around in the sockets as if you are following the second hand of a vast clock, but as fast as possible. It is important that the mouth remains open and the jaw relaxed, with the breath soft and even. This will bring centering energies to the third eye.

Fourth Stage: 15 minutes

Close your eyes and be still.